Wednesday, 25 November 2009

Family names A to E

1823 – Par. Reg. S Nicholas – Baptism, Margaret, daughter of Henry and Mary Baliol, Comedian.
The Book of Common Prayer, and Holy Bible, OUP 1844.

Harriet & Robert Bradbury’s copy, the Gift of Philip, late Lord Wharton, 1844
See Post entitled ENVIRONS dated 28.10.2009 for illustrations of embossed front cover, endpapers and flyleaf.

In 1881 Census at 29 Church Street, age 30 years. Master tailor employing 2 men and 2 boys. Born in Durham. (Bulchar ?)
see Bramley window

1841 census:
Thomas Bulmer, 40, tinner and brazier. John, 15, app. tinner. Thomas, 10

family, deeds

No. ? Westgate.
WDB saw these by courtesy of Mrs Buttery, living above “Chocolate Box” (Tenant: Mrs Armstrong) and another shop alongside (No. ? Westgate, tenant Arthur Gray—cycles and prams; sold and empty 1975; later the site of Hintons supermarket.
Deeds registered at Northallerton 30 Dec 1778.
“Towards the east by a lane or way leading from and out of the said street (Westgate) to a stable in the possession of Wm Leigh Williamson” (the parson). Back of Mermaid (now Tap and Barrel) inn?
1778 – Samuel Corney, butcher and farmer
1806 – Mr Robt Johnston (he bought it in 1805 for £270)
1823 – Philip Heselton the elder, Joseph Heselton, John Barr, John Grey
1865 – RichaRD Ord (owner of tanyard behind)
1895 – Charles Ovington Ord (son of Richard),
Bewick, a draper

Robert Braid Carnegie, born in Middlesbrough 1931.
Robert Braid Carnegie, his father. Born 1900 in Hebburn. 1900-1978.
James Milne Carnegie, grandfather, born 1870. Died 1903. 199 Cuthbert Street, Hebburn, Tyne and Wear.

1841 census:
Robert Chapman, 30, surgeon. Marianne 30. N side of Westgate
Charles Ovington Ord (got his will) buried in lead coffin. A character. A barrister. Did not practise. Left s estate to Poynters &c, &c (Executor Mr Trevor). Had he Richard Ord’s Diary (see newspaper: Made Benny Beeton drunk and sent him over the road to the Chemist Fairburn. Staggered into shop and pulled down iron stove-pipe.Also the road-sweeper who was given a “strong” doctored drink by Charles Ovington Ord. Sweeper’s mate took him home in a barrow
Stone from old tanyard “slid into place” over Plantin Beck (Bakehouse Square).
CO Ord and Barney Buckworth. Crowd at door. Soot bags. CO pulled out his yellow handkerchief (Liberal) and saved himself.
The above from Ernie Pattison, plumber, Bakehouse Square. 1 May 1960. (E Pattison’s Grandfather (Wright) had foot blown off Gunpowder Plot Night.)

Friday 16 May 1980. Invited by Mr Gordon Curry (purchaser of West Garth, former home of the Charltons) to see house and exchange information. Mr Curry told me that under the floorboards of an upstairs room he found a pack of playing cards and a set of small bone dominoes. Also that in an outbuilding there was a stack of broken pottery etc, each item wrapped in a piece of paper with description of he piece. He said there was a real pile. Now he is jubilant that with modern glue he has reassembled them and intends to display hem in the house when he has completed preservation of some features and made some alterations and additions. Indications of original dwelling are blocked-up doorways. The east end obviously tacked on as an office for Mr Charlton. The original eastern end of house plain to see now that he has removed a cupboard and a safe to the right of the fireplace. These he says he will replace. In the hall he has a plan on the wall – past/present/future. A happy man – “doing the work himself”. In the doorway leading to the garden at the back a glass panel window with two inscribed autographs – one “Thomas Wilson June (July) 1820” and another piece (upper right) indecipherable. Looks light (sic) part of a panel. Bull’s eye blown glass. Original? Or put there by the Charltons?
Wilson the clockmaker?

“Willie Charlton”
Mr William Charlton of the West Garth (N side of Westgate) Manager of Spawood Mine. Born 6.3.1852. Died 13.3.1929. Married 1880 (in London?)

Whitby Gazette 14.2.1880. Soup kitchen Guisbro’. Exertions of Capt Lynas. Applications down 240 to 180.

Slapewath Mine owned by Charlton Bros? Went bankrupt. Whitby Gazette 14.2.1880. Auction sale in early part of 1880. Purchased by Samuelsons of Newport Iron Works. Mr Charlton became Manager at Spawood. CHECK THIS! One octogenarian told me in the 1960s that “Willie Charlton was the best mining engineer in Cleveland”. Sometimes called “Ratchet Willie” after he introduced a new ratchet drill in the mines. Result a strike? His wife (neĆ© Bartlett) gave an alms dish to the Parish Church. “To the Glory of God and in loving memory of William Edward Bartlett of the City of London, Freeman. This alms dish is presented by his daughter Frances Elizabeth Charlton of the Parish Church of St Nicholas, Guisborough. June 29th 1910.”
Did she disown her mother? Why not mentioned?
Remember going to West Garth to obtain official sanction to leave school in 1916 when I as 13! A magistrate or a school governor? Understandingly her background and status made her an intimidating Body! (WDB)

1841 census:
Henry Clarke, 55, solicitor. Female Servant 25, Female Servant 25. Male servant 15
Henry Clarke at Longhull
1881 census:
JW Clarke, Land Agent, of Kemplah House, age 39. Wife Marjorie age 24. Born Cambo, N’umberland. Did they part?

Gifts to servants. Per Roger Darnton (Asked him for source)

Mr. John William Clarke of Guisborough, Yks., Land Agent, for some years Hon.Sec. of the Cleveland Hunt and a strong supporter of local shows with hunters, who died on 26 Feb. 191? 1eft £9,976, l0s net personally being £6,225 ls7d. £150 to Brother, Rev.Arthur Dawson Clarke, £100 to his groom Robert Buxton, £25 each to his clerks William Dixon Darnton and Charles Henry Fordham, £50 in trust for his cook Mabel Stephenson and his man-servant Oliver Buxton and the residue of the property in trust for Loftus Gwynn Leslie Pencocke.Check Par. Reg. for date of death/burial/age

Thomas Corney. Obit. Notice Methodist Magazine 1808
(info. from Bob Porritt)

Henry Cross, 35, teacher. Margaret 30. Mary 10. Johanna 7. Elizabeth 5. Emily 4 months.
(13 houses in Patten lane)
1841 census

To Mr RB Snowdon, 207 Hardhorn Lane, Poullton-le-Fylde, Blackpool FY6 8DW:

HENRY CROSS, born at Langtoft 1806 (parents Mark and Ann) Mark died at Ebberston 1818. Gd.parents John, a shepherd and Elizabeth Cross who had one child Mark, born at Kilham. A tradition that Henry Cross had a limp. HC married at Ebberston 1930. Moved to Guisborough 1835-6, had a school in Patten Lane. In 1841 Rate book was tenant of a house there and school was round the corner i Church St. (in 1837 schoolroom ‘empty’). Note: cholera 1836. Deaths of Parson Thomas Pym Williamson and his son William Leigh Williamson. In June 1848 Henry Wrightson (resident in Westgate) rented the schoolroom.

1841 Census: Henry Cross, 35, teacher, Margaret, wife, 30, Mary 10, Emily Margaret* 4 mos., baptised S. Nicholas 6/3/41.
Priscilla Frances bapt. 5 Aug. 1838 at S. Nicholas. Buried 19 Nov 1839.
NOTE: another Priscilla Frances bapt 19 Nov 1843. Died 14 May 1850 at 29 Hollis St, Leeds. HC ‘surveyor’. Also on Burgess Roll 1849, same address; one of 6 on roll, out of abt 40 hses. Directory for 1847 (White) HC ‘civil engineer’. For 1849-50 ‘engineer’ (Charlton & Archdeacon Dir.) at 10 Burley Terrace, Leeds.

Henry Cross applied for the vacancy of Master at the Grammar School in 1843 (a joint foundation almshouse and school ‘Jesus Hospital’). He sent letters of application to 2 wardens: Thomas Simpson and JR Lee. A letter to a fellow warden suggests delaying tactics, ‘If we can keep it open until it becomes your turn to appoint ... Mr Cross is ineligible, being married’.
(See Guisborough Before 1900, p 147).

Another applicant, Henry Watson, stated (18 Oct 1843) ‘I am at present teaching a school in Guisborough, but previous to my establishment here have followed the occupation of an assistant in different respectable boarding schools. As my situation in Guisborough is by no means lucrative, being a stranger in this part of the country, and being place in opposition to Mr Cross, who has been brought to the place, and is therefore supported by the inhabitants, it will not be superfluous to observe that I would not object to a yearly engagement, should such be permitted by the rules of the school’. (Guisborough Grammar School Archives – now Prior Pursglove Sixth Form College).

In 1837 Henry Cross was appointed as ‘Assistant Overseer’. The yearly salary was £4 and the duties ‘ ... to keep all the accounts relating to the poor rates, make out jury lists and lists of Voters’. Salary increased in 1848 to £7/10/-. Did Henry Cross then leave Guisborough?

Henry Cross compiled maps for John Walker Ord’s History of Cleveland, published in 1846, and a map of Whitby is attributed to him.

In 1841 (6 June) he was the enumerator for the Census District No. 4, covering 17 farms in all, one of which was Long Hull, the old farmhouse residence of the Chaloners, where the Rev. Henry Clarke, parson of the parish, was residing.
In the list of Subscribers for Ord’s History one John Cross of 30 Rood Lane, London, is included. Mr RB Snowdon has not been able to obtain any information on John Cross.
(See letter – 10 Oct 1986, below)

The photo of HC (vide Mr Snowdon) was the work of ‘J Inskip, the Cliff, Scarborough, c. 1865-75. So likeness could be 59 to 68 yrs,

Gravestone in Ebberston Churchyard: ‘I Loving Memory of / Henry Cross / who died May 15th, 1874 / Aged 68 Years. / Also of Margaret his wife / who died March 3rd, 1884 / Aged 75 Years.

Query vide Mr Snowdon: Mother of Henry Cross; 1851 Census Return for Stokesley. Granddaughter registered, Ann Parkin Cross, 6 yrs.
Par. Regs: Stokesley: Ann, daughter of Ann Illeg.? Poor Law/Guardians Papers?

HC’s schoolmaster at Ebberston also a bookbinder. W Clifford.

1851 Census: Henry Cross had returned to Ebberston – ‘schoolmaster there for 20 years or so’. 1857 Directory: ‘schoolmaster and postmaster’. 1872 Dir. ‘Post Office Receiver’.

Whist he was at Guisborough he was apparently C of E having three of his daughters baptised there. Was he ‘brought to the place’ by Parson Thomas Pym Williamson or his son? (see above)

Mr Snowdon has unearthed a strong family connection with the Wesleyan Methodist Church. (So far I have not found that he was attached to Wes. Ch. in Guisborough). By 1850 Henry Cross’s daughter Mary was trained as a teacher at Glasgow Normal Seminary on behalf of the Wes. Com’tee of Educ’n, who sent her to Oldham, establishing Mr Snowdon’s ‘unbroken links with Lancashire...I cannot believe Mary would have been accepted if her father also had not been a Wes. Methodist.’

Ebberston Wesleyan Chapel: HC’s bro-in-law (husband of HC’s wife’s sister) was an existing trustee. New Trust formed 1867, one of the newly-appointed trustees. Trust first created 1811, an uncle of Henry’s wife was one of the trustees, but not her father.

Letter of 24 Oct, 1985 from Mr Snowdon: He visited his ‘sixth cousin’ at Helmsley, Mr Thorpe. Learned that school building at Ebberston had recently been sold. Had not been used as a school since 1874, the year of Henry’s death, when the new school was built. A village conflict – church v chapel? Conservatives v Liberals? Any information at Northallerton Archives on Ebberston?

Letter of 15 Feb, 1987:
“Dear Mr Brelstaff,
Just a further word on the history of Henry Cross. You may remember that you established that he moved from Ebberston to Guisborough by invitation from some person or persons unknown. I did wonder whether this might have been through Thomas Simpson, the lord of the manor at Nunthorpe as the vicar of Ebberston at the same time was Rev Thomas Simpson. However I thin I told you in my last letter this appeared to be unlikely as I had seen the wills of both parties and there was no hint of any connection. Rev. Thomas Simpson was a bachelor and his executors and beneficiaries of his will were his housekeeper and the Vicar of Thornton Dale.
I thin that was the position when I last wrote to you. I subsequently found that when Rev. Thomas Simpson died in 1836 he had been vicar of Ebberston for 26 years but that he had not signed the Register until 1825. In other words he had presumably been an absentee vicar for the first 15 years.
On a recent visit to York I was looking up something else in the Institution Act Books which record all appointments of vicars etc. Purely by chance I noted that a Rev. Thomas Simpson (the same man?) was appointed Vicar (or Curate?) of Kirkleatham in 1802. In view of the proximity of Kirkleatham to Guisborough I wondered whether there could have been a connection.
These books were quite interesting. At one time I thought that all C of E vicars had to have university degrees. However this books shows that this was not so. The qualification was shown against each name. Only about 25% had degrees. Somewhat meagre qualifications!!
This letter is just for interest. Do not trouble to reply, please, unless yo have a specific point.
With kindest regards to you and your wife, Yours sincerely, R.B. Snowdon.”
(Check at Kirkleatham Par. reg. VCH.)

Guisborough Co-op. Soc. 1876. Henry Cross, a committee member. One of 7 committee men who signed an amendment of Rules.

‘Cross Street’ – off Cleveland Street
Horse and Cart, in the station yard

Wm Damby, a widower, married Sarah Etherington, spinster, 27 November 1727.
1789 Deodatus Danby (barber) buried (see Ralph Ward’s Diary for contraction of name).
Danby table-tomb in churchyard – Wm Danby 1897, aged 90 (saw this in 1975)
Danby family gift of candelabra in the chancel
A tradition that on S side of Market Place a site called Danby’s Plain (v. Wilf Walker’s father). S side of Market Place, see old map. A single house there? No! map only concerned with estate property and not with freeholds.

1841 Census
Thomas Darnton, 20, Eliza Darnton, 15, Butcher, dwelling S side of Westgate
Margaret Darnton, 15, one of 3 female servants working at Longhull for Rev. Henry Clarke and his wife Catherine and son Henry 3 months old. One of the 3 servants Isabella Merrington. 1 male servant, 15.
Wm Darnton, 45, Jane Darnton, 15. Butcher, Church St. (after Hodgson’s the Printers)
Jane Miriam, born 7 Feb 1850, daughter of Thomas and Eliza Darnton, baptised in Wesleyan Chapel, Guisborough, 28 March 1850. Minister Henry Graham.
(R/M/RSG/3/1/1-3) Middlesbrough-Cleveland County Archives dept) 1840-1940.
see also Law and Order, Constables' disbursements

(any mention in Ralph Ward?)
William agent to the Chaloners. A memorial in Ripon Minster. b 1753, d 12.1.1812, aged 60 years See John Walker Ord’s footnote on p215 of ‘History of Cleveland’, re WD’s involvement in late 18c restoration of Parish Church.

1861 Census
THOMAS EASTON, 67, Woodman, born Guisborough.
Hannah, his wife, 64, born in Skelton.
Robert, 32, Agricultural Labourer, born Guisbro’.
Resident in Belmangate.
1881 Census – no corresponding entry

1861 Census
THOMAS EASTON, 40, Agricultural Labourer, born Guisborough.
Sarah his wife, 28, born in Westerdale.
Thomas, 8, scholar, born in Guisborough.
John, 6, scholar, born Guisborough.
Catherine, 1 yr, born in Guisborough.
Resident in Cleveland Place, Belmangate.
1881 Census
Thomas, now 60.
Sarah trecorded as 50.
Elizabeth 2, General Dom. Servant.
William 13 scholar
Jane 11 scholar
George 8 scholar
Margaret 6 scholar
Laura 11 months (grand-daughter)
All offspring born in Guisborough
Resident at 155 Westgate

1861 Census
ROBERT EASTON, 55 Master Tailor
Jane, his wife 57
William 28 Tailor
Robert 16 Driver at ironstone mines
George 12 scholar. Also
Eliza Parkinson, grand-daughter 11 yrs
All the family born in Guisboro’
Resident in Northoutgate
1881 Census
A George Easton, 32, a boarder at 37 Union Street. Ironstone Miner

1861 Census
JOHN EASTON, 30, Groom, born in Guisborough
Ann his wife, 30, born Middleton-in-Teesdale
Thomas, 16, a scholar
Ann 5
John 2.
All three born in Guisborough
Resident in Church Street
1881 Census
Ann Easton, now a widow, age given as 47, a Laundress, born at Middleton-n-Teesdale
Thomas, 26, General Labourer
John, Ironstone Miner, 22.
Resident 81 Chuirch Street.

1861 Census
JOHN EASTON, 24, Ironstone Miner, born in Norfolk (place illegible), lodging in Cleveland Street.

GEORGE EASTON, 23, Ironstone miner, born in Guisborough.
Mary, his wife, 21, born at Nunthorpe.
George LJ, 3 months, born Guisborough.
Jane Ingledew, mother-in-law, 66, born Moorsholm.
Resident in Belmangate.
1881 Census
Now 43. Ironstone Mines Deputy.
Mary his wife a dressmaker, born Nunthorpe. Now 41
Charles H 12, a scholar;
George, 9, a scholar;
Ada L, 6, a scholar;
Emma J, 4, a scholar:
all four born Guisboroughj.
Resident 94 Belmangate

JOHN EASTON, 26 General Labourer. Born Guisborough.
Mary A his wife, born Claydon, Suffolk. Katie 3,
Annie M 1 yr.
Both born Guisboro’.
Resident at 157 Westgate.

ROBERT EASTON, 41, Ironstone Miner, born Guisborough.
Sarah A, 37, born in Halifax.
Margaret H 17, General Domestic Servant.
William H 16, Plumber’s Apprentice.
Elizabeth E 12, scholar.
Robert M 11 yrs, scholar.
Sarah A 7, scholar.
Harold W 4, a scholar.
Resident at 23 Bennison Street.

MARGARET EASTON, born in Guisborough, domestic servant, age illegible, living with brother-in-law John W Johnson, 29, unemployed blacksmith, born at Lincoln Wood, Enderby, resident at Mason’s Arms, Stump Cross.

Bulmer’s 1890 Directory of N & E Ridings of Yorks:
1890—Mrs Sarah Easton, a carter or carrier, living at 44 Fountain Street, Guisborough

STEPHEN EASTON, 46, Iron Miner.
Margaret his wife, 45.
John, 19, Ironsone Miner.
Stephen, 11, scholar.
Kate 4.
All born in Guisborough.
Resident at 2 Robin’s Barn.

ROBERT EASTON, 37, Ironstone Miner, born Guisbro’
Hannah his wife, 36, born in Stockton, Durham
Catherine, 13, born in Middlesbrough.
William, scholar, 7.
Jane 5, scholar.
Margaret, 3.
Mary E, 1 year.
All 4 born in Guisborough.

MARY E EASTON, 15, born in Guisborough, a domestic servant in household of John Baines, Flour etc dealer, at 10 Westgate Road

From Danby Parish Registers. These are printed – 1585 to 1812.
Guisborough Branch Ref. Library

1768, 7th August
Baptism of Betty, daughter of Ralph Easton of Guisborough

1794, 28th November
Marriage of Thomas Dowson of Danby and Ann Easton of Guisborough.
By Licence. Ceremony by D Duck.

1861 Census—a coincidence!
Both Jane and Mary were born at Goldsborough on the east coast.
Jane Easton, 12, nurse in the family of John and Dorothy Harrison at the Cock Hotel, Market Place, Guisborough.
Mary Easton, 19, general servant, in household of William Robinson, a tailor, also in the Market Place

Tutor’s notes, typed:
JONATHAN ATKINSON of Glaisdale is described in Bulmer’s 1890 Directory of N & E Ridings of Yorks. As “School Attendance Officer, Parish Clerk and Newsagent, Glaisdale End”
The other Jonathan given by you is presumably his son.
You will have to follow up your research at the County Record Office at County Hall, Northallerton, going through the Parish Registers, and also the 1881 Census.
Re WILLIAM CORDEY: I suggest you consult the Eston Parish Registers at the Cleveland County Record Office in Middlesbrough, also the 1861 and 1871, 1881 Census Returns there.

WDB, handwritten: The above relates to a friend of Mr. Easton.

JAMES EDWARD EASTON, Guisborough, Born 1886. Died 1940.
ALICE MARY BLOWMAN. Born 1889. Died 1979.
Marriage 1913, St Nicholas Church, Guisborough.
Nora Mary Easton, born 22 Nov 1915
James Edward Easton, 18 Feb 1917. Died 1933.
Wm Claude Easton, born 14 March, 1919
Robert Allen, born 9 July, 1925

James Easton, father, born in Guisborough, had two brothers – Robert and William, and three sisters, Pop, Meg and Ginny.
James worked at Guisborough Foundry.

Alice Mary Blowman, mother, born in Hull and lived in Beverley, Pickering, Whitby and Scarborough. Had three brothers – Scott, Alfred and Eric. Owned Marlborough Hotel, Scarborough

Sunday, 15 November 2009

The Pease Family & Hutton

Sir JW Pease of Hutton Hall.
An inheritance destroyed
by Brian Redhead (D&S Times, no date)
The Pease family dynasty which once virtually ruled the industrial and commercial life of this part of the world produced as much boardroom drama and strife as anything you will see in a Hollywood soap opera.
Probably more because, while Dallas and Dynasty represent a glossed-over and idealised version of business life, I suspect it would have been fascinating to be a fly on the wall while the multifarious members of the Pease clan were engaged in the cut and thrust of 19th Century industry, finance and politics.
The stern statue of Joseph Pease, which has looked out over the junction of High Row, Northgate and Bondgate in Darlington for more than a century is a reminder of the part played by the Quaker family in such diverse fields as railway promotion and locomotive building, coal and ironstone mining, limestone quarrying, iron founding, woollen textiles, urban development and banking.
Peases also played vital roles in local politics and in maintaining the supremacy of North-East Liberals in Parliament.
In his book, Men of Business and Politics (George Allen & Unwin, £15), Dr Maurice Kirby, a former Darlington man now a lecturer in economic history at Stirling University, traces the family back to 1665, with the birth of Joseph Pease, a descendant of Essex landowners who settled in South Yorkshire.
The Pease connection with Darlington began when Joseph’s second son, Edward, married a girl from County Durham at the Raby Meeting House and entered the Darlington wool-combing business of his uncle in 1774.
The range of the book can be gauged from an index that lists no fewer than 48 different Peases. Some less influential Peases merit only a reference here and there. Others, notably Joseph, Henry and Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, layed decisive parts in the moulding of contemporary industrial life through the Stockton and Darlington Railway, Middlesbrough Docks and expansion of the iron industry.
It is the least-known episodes which give the Pease story elements of dramatic tragedy. Dr Kirby points out that few people have ever heard of the “Portsmouth affair” involving the complicated financial arrangements of Sir Joseph’s ward, the former Beatrice Pease.
Beatrice married the Earl of Portsmouth and the “affair” rested on the estate of her late father, Edward Pease, who had left her “a substantial fortune”. Litigation ensued and in 1900 Sir Joseph – “a tired old man harassed by solicitors” – found his reputation for honour and integrity impugned in the High Court.
Mr Kirby says Sir Joseph allowed personal prejudices and petty animosities to cloud his judgement in the Portsmouth business, but worse was to follow with the collapse in 1902 of the family bank.
Here, too, Sir Joseph’s handling of delicate matters could be questioned, but the bank failure had shattering consequences. It brought Sir Joseph to the brink of bankruptcy, ruined his reputation – he had to relinquish a number of public posts – and destroyed the inheritance of his sons, Alfred and Jack.
This, together with the waning of political influence and the decline of old-style Quakerism, was the beginning of the end for the Pease dynasty, which effectively closed with Jack’s death in 1943.
The book receives the blessing of Sir Alfred’s son, J. Gurney Pease, in a foreword: “From a family point of view the controversy surrounding the final stages of the saga has been fully, independently and authoritatively put straight.
Here, surely, is a television documentary on our doorstep.

Pease, Sir AE

“Elections and Recollections”, Murray, 1932.

MP for York City 1885-1892.
MP for Cleveland 1897-1902. Unopp 1900. Resigned 1902 fortunes ruined.
Admin post Transvaal 1902-7.

“From the age of twenty-two I often had to deal with offenders in my smoking-room. These untried persons were usually led by a chain, and handcuffed, along three miles of road to my house. This administration of justice in private appeared to me scandalous, and I rejoiced when it was abolished and the Summary Jurisdiction Act was passed...” p 8. “One change, I suppose made in the pursuit of the fetish of popular election, I think was regrettable, for formerly all justices were ex-officio Guardians of the Poor, and among them were found the most enlightened administrators of the Poor Law. There was a distinct advantage in Justices being familiar with the practical application of the Poor Law, and in direct contact with the poorest class of the community.” cf WLWilliamson. Good anecdotes re Quakers. pp 23 & 24. re pirate: “Friend, it is against my principles to kill thee, but I will hold thy head under water until it shall please the Lord to take thy life”.
Thomas Parrington, 1818, lunched with author when P was 93 and drank all but one glass of 1840 port. Rule for 30 years to drink a bottle of port after dinner every day of his life. (Norman Moorsom, Middlesbrough, published a booklet on Thomas Parrington.)
Resident magistrate at £1000 pa. S.Africa – AEP.
1882: no contest since 1868. North Riding – Cleveland?
p 62: “on the polling day I note that the old order of things was dying. Even in Guisborough it was evident that many were voting without orders or ‘even against orders’! I asked one tradesman why he had not voted ‘yellow’ as usual, and he replied with tears rolling down his cheeks, ‘that Mrs ---- had sent him word that if he voted at all she would withdraw her custom, and she was by far his best customer.’ I have never understood this kind of cruelty, but it existed before the Irish brought it under the name of ‘boycotting’ to an infernal system. In Guisborough that day a mob, mostly in our colours and chiefly ironstone miners of the district, had possession of the town, and it is the last occasion on which I have seen rotten eggs used in the old copious fashion, with yellow ochre, “blue-bags”, sods and soot showered on the blues, and especially on the turn-coats, and it was late before any kind of order was restored. I record that Admiral Chaloner, Robert Yeoman, Johnny Rudd of Tolesby Hall, and I sat as Justices to deal with the arrested rioters, but went no farther than to inform them that they ‘might have got eighteen months and been fined £100,’ and we solemnly pronounced the affair ‘a disgrace to the town’. This leniency was perhaps the natural result of the satisfaction of my colleagues with Guy Dawnay’s victory, but a ‘good row’ on polling days was then the usual thing. We know out of 590 voters on the register, 40 were dead or abroad, 386 voted for Rowlandson and 113 for Dawnay. Overall result: Dawnay 8135, Rowlandson 7749. Maj. 386. The Liberals thought this a sad change from 1868 when they boasted that there were only three Tories in Guisborough. I am tempted here to refer to two of the Justices I have just mentioned, who illustrate the old order of things. John Bartholomew Rudd was the last survivor of an old Cleveland family, lived outside our Petty Sessional Division and was a peculiar character. He used occasionally to invade our Bench, and by right of seniority turn Admiral Chaloner out of the Chair, much to the annoyance of the Admiral. Johnny Rudd at these times arrived in Volunteer uniform wearing a big busby and horn-rimmed spectacles, carrying an umbrella, and with his market basket on his arm, for he did his own housekeeping. The Admiral, who wore ‘pepper and salt’ clothes and a high hat, in summer a white one, was an excellent Chairman, and administered pure justice with a considerable amount of language of the quarter-deck. If the Clerk ventured to question the strict legality of his proceedings, he would retort, ‘I am here, sir, to administer Justice, and by God I shall do it’. In those days it was extremely difficult, such was the law, to avoid sending young persons to prison. The Admiral generally managed to dispense justice by dispensing with inconvenient laws. He would in some cases insist on a whipping, and to get over the defect in the law which prevented such a sentence, would send for the father of the culprit, and call on the parent in alarming language to request that the offender might be whipped. Having secured this the father and son were ordered off to the police station for the execution of the sentence. There were two other regular attenders at the court, one the old and kindly Archdeacon of Cleveland, Henry Yeoman, of Marske Hall. He acquiesced in all punishments with great reluctance, and often defeated our intentions by paying the fines of the poorer offenders. His brother, Robert Yeoman, gave such close conscientious and exhausting attention to every case that he required the following day in bed, if our proceedings were protracted, or a difficult problem presented itself.

Temperance (p 82/83)

MP for York. “experience as members in a modern urban community – bazaars, banquets, assize breakfasts, and curious political meetings in each ward of the city.”
AEP asked to preside at Rechabite bazaar. did not know what Rechabites were. Minister and prayer, introduce AEP and ask him to read out first verse of hymn. “I will not touch the drunkard’s drink”. Whispered to Minister, I should like you to give out the hymn. Why? Because I am not a teetotallrer. Minister shocked beyond words. Are you not an abstainer? No. Then why are you here? Before I had gone round to make purchases (?) all the Rechabites knew that I was a fraud and that I drank the drunkard’s drink, and by their attitude towards me I knew that I had lost about 100 votes. The Minister, with gravity and pain depicted on his face, escorted me to the door in silence.

Pease Sir Joseph Whitwell, Bart. MP

D.1903. Buried 23 June.
Get obit notice.
Mansion. Exotic fruits. A show place. Visiting MPs.
Fathered Workingmen’s Club in 73 Westgate (now 1983 Co-op)
Downfall- financial. Custody of a ward?

Basque Refugees at Hutton Hall
Darlington & Stockton Times 1 Sept 1979

“During the Spanish Civil War the Hall was used to house Basque refugee children and then it was taken over by the Army for the duration of the 1939-45 War ...”

New Housing Estate
from ICI magazine August 1957

From a hill top overlooking Guisborough, a Wilton News photographer took this bird's eye view of a section of the Cleveland landscape that has a special significance for employees of the Company working at Wilton.
The lovely rolling country seen here as one looks towards the sea is already in the process of transformation and the huge triangle of land in the centre of the picture is being developed by Guisborough Urban District Council as an estate of nearly 400 houses.
As reported recently, GUDC has accepted ICI’s offer of financial assistance in the building of houses for essential workers and a considerable number of Wilton employees will be found homes in these very pleasant surroundings.
The Council hopes as far as is reasonably possible to allocate 100 houses a year to the Company. Already site preparation is well under way and most of the drainage has been completed. Building is to start very soon.

Hospital of S. Leonard, Lowcross

From the account given in Vol 3 of The Victoria County History (County of York) p 314, it appears that this leper hospital may have moved away from its original site. There are 60 deeds in the Guisborough Chartulary anterior to 1250. Richard, son of Hugh de Hotona, confirmed to the lepers of Lowcross 2 acres in Hutton where the hospital anciently stood, and John “dominus de Hoton” remitted to the prior and convent of Guisborough his right of nominating a leper to the hospital. Was the original site at Hutton? Other charters give “Hotonam” (Hutton). Hospital of S. Leonard “quod est inter Hotonam et Bernaldby”. A removal? Then known as Lowcross, between Hutton and Barnaby. 1218-1234 the neighbouring hospital of Upsall was suppressed. Most of its lands transferred to Hospital of Lowcross. A difficulty presented by identification on the O.S. map at Hutton and not at Lowcross of a site marked Lepers’ Hospital. The historian Graves (1808) wrote of Hutton: “A part of the buildings which stood in a solitary situation, shut in by rising grounds overhung with deep and solemn woods, has been converted into a farmhouse with stables and out-offices, in which some mutilated arches of doors and windows were remaining...” Obvious that he refers to site marked on O.S. map. Possibly the original site. Two charters: Hospital of the Sick Men of Bernaldby had a cemetery attached. Elsewhere called Hospital of the Sick Persons of S. Leonard of the parish of S. Mary of Guisborough: inmates of both sexes. Fairly well endowed. A church at hospital. Governed by a master till given to Guisborough Priory by William of Bernaldby whose gift was confirmed by Peter the son of Peter de Brus. Taken over before 1275, as in that year the jurors of the Wapentake said that the brewers and bakers of Guisborough used to give alms of ale and bread to the lepers of Lowcross at their pleasure, but that the Prior of Guisborough now compelled them to pay ½d per week when they brewed or baked and these alms he farmed out for one mark or 20s. Priory almoner, “custos” or rector disappears from view. Last mentioned in 1339, but there is no reason to suppose that it was suppressed before the Dissolution though it seems to have been absorbed in the Priory.
NOTE. Ord History of Cleveland, p 238, mentions the Cistercian nunnery established first at Hoton and later moved to Nunthorpe and finally to Basedale; he states that “Numerous vestiges of the old nunnery have been ploughed up near the spot where it formerly stood...” Could these have been from the Leper Hospital? Some attention should be paid to the correspondence in the local “Gazette” re the site of the Hospital. Written by Mr Cornier sometime in the last ten years. Was this in connection with a footpath? I don’t know. Unwise to ignore it without some reference to is sources. I should be pleased to have information about any finds during the 1965 summer excavations. I am doubtful about the tradition of food being left at Ruther Cross on Hutton Lane. There was a road there pre-1867.

Hutton Camp - plan and surounding area

Hutton Camp - From April 1982 issue of ‘Priority’ (No. 969) – the S Nicholas Parish monthly magazine – Pine Hills Camp for Refugees (now a housing estate) – article by Grace Dixon: “On 6 March 1982 a memorial was unveiled in a London Square to refugees from Eastern Europe, who as the result of the Yalta Agreement were forcibly repatriated to Russian-held territory, and most of whom subsequently perished. This reminds us that for a time towards the end of World War II part of the old Army Camp off Hutton Avenue (later the first section of site of Pine Hills estate) was occupied by displaced persons. It is assumed they originated in the Baltic states, and were captured either as military prisoners or forced civilian labourers in the German advance into Russia. Having been sent further west by the Germans, they eventually fell into Allied hands. At the Hutton Avenue camp some were employed in farm work, while others were known to have cleared snow from the roads. Many of us remember their mournful singing as they tramped in columns between Guisborough and Hutton. Their eventual fate is unknown, but it seems very probable that they were among the ‘victims of Yalta.” GD.

The Old Hall

Hutton Hall

Built by Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease 1866/67. JWP was MP for N Durham. Hall built on site (or near) former manor house which was sold by Edward VI in 1550 to Sir Thomas Chaloner. Old hall destroyed. School built 1857. Home Farm—“Hoton Howse”, bought by Chaloner (with Hall) in 1550. Hall: “offices, gardens, hot-houses, hospital for … sanatory treatment of retainers of owner …”

Hutton houses
‘A new and complete History of the City of York’, Thomas Allen, London 1821, 3 vols.

Guisborough 435 houses. Hutton 50 houses. Tocketts and Plantation 46.

Hutton – Sale of 4 acres of land – news item in ‘The York Herald & General Advertiser’ 1853. York Reference Library.

Hutton Manor
Atkinson’s ‘History of Cleveland’ Vol II, p50.

3 Manors – Hoton/Ghigesburg/Middletone – Westgate) part of fee of Earl of Morton. Hutton lands not specified, but coincident with present (1870?) township. Hutton descended through Lucia de Brus to the Thwengs. Atkinson critical of Ord re vestiges of old nunnery.

Hutton Station
From ‘A Month in Yorkshire’, Walter White, 1858.

A cottager told Mr White that it was “Mr Pease’s station, built for himself and not for everybody.”
What form, if any, of discrimination between passengers?

Hutton Village

The village of Hutton Lowcross is a focal point in the Forest walk and its picturesque situation gave rise to the title of “Alpine Village” many years ago. Today the scene is somewhat blurred by new dwellings, but even so the row of small cottages and the mission room with its diminutive spire stll presents a pleasing picture. But there is more behind it than a romantic title. As a place of settlement its history goes back nearly one thousand years. The “Hoton” of Domesday Book means a spur of hill and “Loucros” signifies the existence of an adjacent settlement. Nearby there was the Hospital of S. Leonard and it is recorded that the lepers there were given ale and bread by the brewers and bakers of Guisborough. Much later there was a manor house sold by Edward VI to Sir Thomas Chaloner who also purchased “Hoton Howse”, the latter said to be on the site of the present Home Farm, where carved stonework is incorporated in the outbuildings.
The industrial archaeologist will find the Forest walk reveals plenty of evidence of industrial activity and a glance at the O.S. map shows the site of the Codhill Mine. This was exploited by the Pease family during the years 1855-1865, with mineral wagons clattering along the village street. An advertisement in the “York Herald” dated 16 December 1853 stated that four acres of land were for sale by private contract. Addressed to “Capitalists and Builders” it gave the number of labourers employed as 300 and predicted that another 600 would “be immediately required”, the land being well situated and adapted for cottage erections. After a decade peace descended on the village once more and the building of Hutton Hall in 1866-7 and the landscaping of the grounds coincided with new cottages in the village for workers on the estate.
Evidence for the mining of jet is found in the local place-name “Jet Bank”. Fortunately the industrial spoil heaps have been carefully utilised in the process of afforestation, the contours and colours lending variety to the scene. One outstanding feature of the Forest walk provides attractive prospects to the artist and photographer – this is the number of “surprise views” particularly in regard to Highcliff. for those interested in pre-history there are the fossil beds and in the field below Kemplah there is the medieval cattle way – Ruthergate – with the shaft of Ruther Cross on the verge of the Council Housing Estate. It was on the site of this ancient track that Roman coins were found.
For those who wish to delve into the past the following publications will provide further information: The Romans in Cleveland, by F. Elgee; the works of the three Cleveland historians: Graves (1808), Ord (a native of Guisborough, 1846) and Atkinson (1874); Victoria County History, NR of Yorks, Vol II.
Finally, the approach to the village offers the unusual feature of an avenue of trees outside the estate and what was virtually a private railway station now converted into a dwelling house.
(Print as written. No editing)
Collected by Mr Adams, Thurs 4 March 1871.
Not used and not returned.
promised me 2 cypress bushes – forgotten! (Aug 1971)

Sunday, 1 November 2009


Sir Thomas Chaloner I, 1548, aged 28 at the time of this portrait.

Born 1520. Married 1547 to widow of Dr Legh, one of the King’s agents for the dissolution of monastic houses. Thus came into possession f Legh’s lease of Priory estate. Purchased freehold in 1550 for the sum of £998. 13s. 4d. From 1538 to 1564 employed on diplomatic work abroad. Author of Latin verse. One work addressed to Queen Elizabeth in anticipation of his recall from his irksome duties abroad. Queen unresponsive. He remarried in 1564 one year before his death in 1565 and had a son named Thomas.

Sir Thomas Chaloner II, 1564-1615.

Married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Fleetwood who had an estate near the Chaloner family residence at Steeple Claydon in Buckinghamshire.
He introduced manufacture of alum at Belman Bank, Guisborough, in 1605 where he was assisted by his cousin, also called Thomas, who had gained experience in alum-making in Ireland.

Portraits in possession of Lord Gisborough.

Boundary Perambulation 1716
NR Record Office. Chaloner Calendar: ZFM 55 – Manorial.

Guisbrough Boundaries ridden upon the second day of May 1716 Edward Chaloner Esq Lord of the Manor present nigh 200 persons foot and Horse:

Hollbeck on the river that comes by Slapewath to the boundary betwixt the Lordship of Guisbrough and Skelton to Aysdale Gill head So South West by a little Gill or How called Tidkin How directly to a Hill called Hobcrofs So directly to a Hill called Hob on the Hill which is the nighest of the two Hills to the Bride Stones and from thence directly southward to a Stone called Craw Stone and so directly to Ravendale-head to a boundary stone there and from thence to a well called Leaden Well to a Hill called Colemanargus or Todhow and there Guisbrough and Skelton boundaries end.
And from Colemanargus Hill South-west down the Hill towards Skelderscough to a boundary or Hillock of Stones called Sandhill and from thence to Agar’s Intack down Whitby road of the Warth or Water called Skelderscough Warth over the River called Ravendale Beck and to the Middle of the said River is the boundary between Guisbrough Lordship and Danby Lordship to the River Eske on to Dep Hill Bridge or a Ford so called and from thence the Rivulet called Baisdale Beck about 300 yards to an old wall and from thence along Kildale Way Westward to a place called Hob in the Hole or Hinderskeugh or Shinne (Skin) Warth and from thence cross the Moor to a Hill called Dike How and so Northward to a Stone called Haggaback Stone over against Wheyworth and from the said Stone down to Sleddil Beck which Sleddil Beck comes running down between Guisbrough Lordship and Kildale From that place to a Spring a little below Peircy Crofs and the said Sleddil Beck is the boundary for several miles between Guisbrough and Kildale and from the said Sleddil Beck on the south side of the said Spring directly up to Peircy Crofs is the boundary between Kildale and Guisbrough and all the lands lying on the right hand of he said boundaries belongs to the Manor of Guisbrough From Peircy Crofs turn Southwest towards Lownsdale along a way that leads into the said Dale to a Boundary Stone in the Intack nigh the first Gate called Prior Fold and so to Lownsdale beck So up to Ernold or Aryholme wall side to Little Rosemary Hill and so down the road to Bell end and towards Pinchinthorpe
But Guisbrough Boundary from Piercy Crofs as the water runs Northward by a cut to Guisbrough Mill – but on Hutton Moor and Pinchinthorpe Moor &c he Lords of Guisbrough take Waifes and Strays and are lords From thence the country is crossed to Upsill for riding of Barnaby Moor and they begin at a Spring above Upsill Mill and go directly North to an old Hedge about half way of the said Moor and from thence along an old Hedge to Mordell Nook.
(7 March 1979. WB)

At top of the 1716 Perambulation these dates were added:
1716, *1738, 1772, 1798, 1816
Percy Cross WB snap, shows 1856 stone. Now vanished (1990)

*There is a small eroded standing stone with roughly-cut date 1738, south side of gate in wall separating forest and moor. Due S is a view of Sleddale Farm and Valley. Date obscured by cairn stones to preserve it. WB 1983.

Bundle also contains notice: Perambulation to take place 27 June 1856 of “…the ancient and accustomed boundaries of the said Manor.” (Capt Thomas Chaloner’s first as Lord of the Manor.)

Honor Chaloner, daughter of Wm Chaloner, married Thomas Lamplugh, Rector of Bolton Piercy. Tablet in York Minster, S choir aisle. died 1747.

Family Pew in church.
A plan to replace the old pitch pine family pew with a new one in 1906 – part of church restoration scheme. Design by Temple Moore, initialled RC (Richard Chaloner) and GHC (George Henry Cobham Rector). Had RC spent too much? Pew never built.
Taken out Monday 6 June 1966. A Lady Chapel in its place. Before the chapel was made the Chaloner vault (below the family pew) was inspected, recorded (and sealed up) on Mon 25 Sep 1966.

“Re Chaloner Deceased, Simpson v Long 1885” - Chancery Division
NR Record Office, Chaloner Papers

Extract from Will of Admiral Thomas Chaloner dated 10 Sept 1884. Proved at York 17 Dec 1884.
Re Cottage Hospital and Sunday School or ‘Chaloner Hall’
(Whitby Lane and New Rd respectively)

‘By an Order of the Chancery Division made 1st June 1886 on the further consideration of the action “Re Chaloner Deceased, Simpson v Long 1885, c. No. 1960” it was declared that the above mentioned devise was valid and that the Trustees of the Will were at liberty with the concurrence of Mrs Amelia Chaloner to declare such trusts as they might think fit other than charitable trusts concerning the said Hospital and School.’

‘By Deed dated 30th December 1886 Alfred Walker Simpson, Robert Charles Yeoman and William Henry Anthony Wharton, the Trustees of the Will, with the concurrence of Amelia Chaloner, declared that the said Cottage Hospital and Sunday School should thenceforth during the life of the said Amelia Chaloner be held by the Trustees of the Will in trust for he said Amelia Chaloner during her life.’

Mrs Amelia Chaloner survived the Admiral by eighteen years and died 8 March 1902. There was no direct heir to the estate. “In … September 1967 … Mr Pegman the Rector informed me that Lord Gisborough no longer intended to use the vault (under the SE Lady Chapel) and that it was to be sealed up for ever. Inside were 14 coffins. A small oak coffin was the best preserved and on this was the following inscription: ‘Infant son of Thomas and Amelia Chaloner – stillborn -March 17th 1868 London.’ *From ‘Priority’, S Nicholas Parish Church Magazine, No 946, May 1980. By Mrs Shirley Knight. The estate passed to the Admiral’s grand-nephew. The Admiral’s eldest sister Margaret Bruce Chaloner married the Rt Hon William Wentworth Fitzwilliam Hume, 8 June 1829. He assumed the name and arms of Dick by Royal Licence and died 1892. Their only surviving child Charlotte Anna Hume married Richard Penruddocke Long in 1853 and their second son Richard Godolphin Long succeeded to the Gisborough estate with, among other manorial titles, the market rights, the rent being collected today 1984, stallholders paying. Richard G. Long assumed the name of Chaloner in 1888, four years after the Admiral’s death. At the time of his succession he was a Colonel, and by 1917 created first Baron of Gisborough. Born 1856. Died 1938.
A subject for research: the Chancery Case 1886. See previous note.)

Now for village gossip!
Mrs Daisy Armstrong (90 years old in 1983) recalls her mother (Mrs Ward) saying that if Mrs Chaloner had stayed at home and had the local doctor for delivery of her child there would have been a direct succession.
Admiral 53 in 1868, Amelia his wife ? years old.

Chaloner claimant

Burial, Thom. 17/7/1884as Chaloner. ‘Union House’ = Work house. 78
Same year Admiral Chaloner died at Longhull.
Some gossip about a claimant? – a connection ??

Mr John Close (Dr W Stainthorpe’s chauffeur) told me in 1968 that the Admiral’s only child had died at birth, and said that his wife (adopted?) her sister’s baby. A claimant to the estate returned to Guisborough c. 1900 and lived at Bradley’s farm near the bridge in Belmangate. Also said that Colonel Chaloner supported him. Mr Close said that the Admiral’s wife, Amelia, saved out of her settled fortune for this child. Was there a lawsuit?

Fact and fiction
In 1970 we had a visitor: one Mrs Johnson of Lincoln. Said that her grandfather’s brother (then 86) recalls the grandfather leaving home to travel to Guisborough. His name was Thomas Chaloner and he claimed kinship with the Chaloners of Gisborough. Doubtful assertion that he was maintained by the Chaloners. Unlikely. One Thomas Chaloner died in the Union Workhouse in Northgate. Aged 78. Buried 17 July 1884. Church Regs. Admiral Chaloner died 1884, buried in the ‘new cemetery’ on 22 October. 69 yrs.
Several conflicting statements: Mrs Johnson’s statement that he was maintained by Colonel Chaloner (the Admiral’s successor) incorrect. He (the Colonel) took the name of Chaloner when the Admiral died in 1884, but did not inherit the estate until the death of the Admiral’s widow, Amelia Chaloner, in 1902.So this was too late to benefit the other Thomas Chaloner who claimed kinship.
Mrs Daisy Armstrong (89 in 1982) said that this Thomas lodged at Belmont Farm and walked about Guisborough dressed in a frock coat and top hat.
I have also heard that he lived in one of the Admiral’s flats in Belmangate (built 1872).

Tuesday 27 Oct 1987. Researching at Cleveland County Archive, the Burial Register of S Nicholas church, Guisborough, I noted:
“Thomas Chaloner, Union House, July 17, 1884, 78 years.”
“Thomas Chaloner, Long Hull, Oct 25, 1884, 69 yrs” – (180 index: p 167) check against 1881 census.
“Union House” – a euphemism for Workhouse. (now 1987 General Hospital).

Chaloner Documents

Copy of “Summary List of Documents deposited by the Rt Hon Lord Gisborough of the County Record Office, Northallerton”.

“The earliest deed concerning the Chaloner family dates from the middle of the 16 c when they acquired the Manor of Guisborough which had formerly belonged to the Priory there. (Bundle 1A) At this time they also owned property in Steeple Claydon, Bucks., and St Bees Cumberland (Bundles 21-22). Two purchases were made in he Guisborough area in the early 18 c.(including the Manor of Tocketts) and a relatively large number (17 or more) in the 19 c.
Personal papers of the Chaloner family survive only from the 19 c. The earlier history of the family appears in printed books and pamphlets (see the section on Pedigrees and Family History – Bundles 329-331); he library at Gisborough Hall contains a number of works by or about the Chaloners in the late 16 and early 17 c; but the ms sources in the collection are important for the history of Robert Chaloner, who, when the bank of which he was a governor, went bankrupt, took upon himself personally to discharge the creditors; the list of creditors is 34 feet long (see Bundle 173). To pay for this he put the Gisborough estate in the hands of trustees and accepted the job of agent for his cousin Earl Fitzwilliam’s Irish estate. So for many years he lived at Coolatin in Ireland, and his correspondence with the Earl is preserved in Bundle 318. He discharged the difficult job with great honour, as the addresses of the tenantry testify (Bundle 318A). Perhaps this began a fashion in the Chaloner family: Admiral Thomas Chaloner and especially RGW Chaloner (later Lord Gisborough) received most elaborately bound addresses from devoted tenantry, neighbours and colleagues.
Very few documents from the Priory have survived here, the most important is the Account Roll of c1300 (Bundle 56A) already published: Surtees Society Pub. No.89 (1891) pp412 et seq. Two other minor documents (Bundles 350 and 351) may have come from the Priory. There are two Priory leases (in Bundle 20A) and a pedigree roll of c1470-1500 is said to have been written there (Bundle 328). The only other medieval documents in this collection are the deed (in Bundle 20A) and the “De Regimine Principus” of Egidus Romanus (Bundle 349).
Of some interest to the history of Guisborough Cartulary (of which a very brief account is given by Mr W Brown in his edition of the Surtees Society Publications, Vol 86, XXIV and XXV) will be the translations apparently made from it sometime before 1697 (see Bundle 20D).
Among other notable documents are those relating to the Guisborough Fairs and Markets (Bundle 199) and the alum mines in the 17 c (Bundle 206), the mid-19 c notebooks of Admiral Thos Chaloner on the suppression of slave-trading (Bundle 315), the mid-19 c diary of Richard Hale, Vicar of Harewood (Bundle 316), and one of the earliest known versions of the legend of the murder in 1160 of the hermit of Eskdaleside, the supposed origin of the tradition of the Horngarth at Whitby (Bundle 341). There is a fine illustrated pedigree roll, begun in 1605 (Bundle 330B) and ms treatise on heraldry of 1582 (Bundle 331H). Apparently unconnected with any other documents in the archive are the 17 c instruments and appointments to militia offices, mostly from the Bishopric of Durham (Bundle 314A)
Extracts from “Ministers Accounts” for Gisborough Priory etc are in ZK 5838 et seq.
1st March 1965.
MM Ashcroft.

Chaloner Estate
ZFM Northallerton Cty Rec Office (8/3/1976)
Mrs Chaloner’s accounts1754-1762 – ZFM 84
Frequent interest payments on bonds (borrowings)
Servants’ wages in arrears 3yrs/3 mths/6 wks

1757: 19 April To the Archbishop of York for renewing the lease of the tythes of Gisborough &c £50.
1757: Recd of Wm Corney for Easter Reckonings £11 (church offerings).
1760: To my Son’s share towards a Subscription for the relief of 14 sufferers by the Fire in Gisborough

ZFM 85
1772: To Wm Chaloner Esq. Aug 24 – By cash, pd Wm Page for half a Years waiges due July 31, 1772, £11/14/-
1773: 21 Jan, £18/6/4 pd for late Wm Page, cooper.
1773: By cash, pd Robt Belt for straw £1/10/-
1773: By cash, pd Robt Belt for coal 12/-
1773: Thomas Bonner for Drefsing Two B 2/-ucks
1774: 2 Oxen £13.
1774: Duty on two 4-wheel carriages £8.
Duty on one 4wheel carriage £4
Duty on 2-wheel carriage £2
Duty on Silver Plate £2/15/-
1776: £2693/1/7..
1778: £2441/1/8
1779: £3883/4/5
1780: £3764.
1781: £3822
1782: £3939
1783: £4013
1784/5: £3409
1796: Robt Chaloner £2271
1796 or 1798: Long Hull new building £343/6/7
1805: Income £3877/18/9¾
Total rents £2857
Yks Tithe £88
£785 - Sale of houses in Guisborough (detail:
£270 Rbt Johnson, house and garth, Westgate
£200 Wm Wilson Jnr, house in Market Place
£120 T Eaton, Sandhill, Commondale
£130 R Pulman, house and garth, Westgate
£65 John Potter, Belmangate)
Recd £66 for 44qrs oak bark (for tanning). Small pieces wood £2/4/-
1805 disbursements £3225/14/0¾
1805 Rebuilding of Howlbeck Mill £652/4/9. (Rbt C. reorganising?)

1825: Trustees Estate of Rbt Chaloner: the Hon Geo Heneage, Lawrence Dundas and the Hon Sir Robt Lawrence Dundas. Bankruptcy of Messers Wentworth & Co, Bankers, York. RC insured for £29000. Annual payments out of estate in 1826 – Mrs Emma Chaloner £800. Interest on mortgages £1913/5/-. Interest on notes and bonds £1657/7/8. Farming Stock £1186/16/10. Wine £930/14/-! Aggregate value of estate £7,245/10/2 in 1826.

1902: Valuation Late Mrs Amelia Chaloner £190,617. Farms £77,057. Accommodation lands £3,214. Houses and cottages £6652. Ground rents £7251. Ironstone royalties £38,762!
ZFM – Admiral Chaloner’s estate. Sale of cattle etc, 20 Feb 1885. Beasts £606/13/6. Sheep £100. Pigs £4/15/-. Implements £115/2/11. Horses £204/15/-. Hay £10. Less H Watson’s costs £42/15/10 = £999/5/7.

Revenues (ZFM at Northallerton)

1780-84 approx – nearly £4,000
Later, 1805, Rents income £2,857
1805 Bark sold (for tanning) £66
small pieces of wood £2/4/-
1805 Sale of houses in Guisborough, Total £785
House sold to Rbt Johnson – (House and Ga) Westgate for £270
House sold to Wm Wilson Jr, Market Place £200
T Easton, Sandhill, Commondale, £120
John Potter, Belmangate £65. JP a farmer

An illuminated Testimonial to Admiral Chaloner.
Local Board minutes 1884
Cleveland County Archives, Middlesbrough

A letter to Wm Buchannan, Clerk, from Mrs Amelia Chaloner (27 Sept 1884) thanking the Local Board for the illuminated testimonial which some members of the Board had taken to Long Hull. (The Admiral had a fatal illness.) He thanked the Members of the Board and was sorry he was unable to see them, but took this opportunity to bid goodbye to them as he would not recover.

Board Meeting of 25 Oct 1884: A letter of sympathy to Mrs Amelia Chaloner on the death of Admiral Thomas Chaloner.

(1869: In Local Board Minutes first reference to title of Admiral (prev. Capt.) Date of title?

Check old newspapers –
Long Hull: Geo Page photo – ‘Welcome Home’ –
Display of Decorations there 29 Oct 1900
Priory Gardens – ‘Mafeking Day’ Celebrations 24 May 1900

Lord Almighty!
Evening Gazette 11 Dec 1981
Fury over feudal right
A market town’s lord has come under fire for imposing his feudal rights.
Lord Gisborough’s decision to prevent the sale of cut-price bus tickets from a van in the town’s market place brought an angry response from Langbaurgh Borough Councillors.
Although he has the right under a 16th century charter his decision was slammed as ‘irresponsible’ and ‘abominable’ at a meeting of the higways committee.
The committee was told the van was to see the recently introduced Fairsaver tickets one day a week but an agent acting on behalf of Lord Gisborough said that because it was not an open market stall it was not suitable.
Councillor Paul Harford commented: ‘I consider this to be a gross abuse of power. Lord Gisborough is acting irresponsibly and in a totally reprehensible manner.’
Councillor Ray Tough added: ‘It is abominable that a man of his standing should deprive the people of the town of the opportunity to get cheaper travel.’
Councillor Allan Gwenlan suggested the tickets should have been sold from council offices in Guisborough and Councillor Mrs Audrey Collins said she believed the fairsaver scheme had not received a very encouraging public response.
However the committee backed Councillor Arthur Seed’s suggestion that the matter be thoroughly investigated.
‘It may be a costly business,’ he said. ‘But I think we hope to see if there is any way of taking some power away from this man.’
The council’s policy and finance committee will decide at a later date what course of action to take.
Mr Peter Fawcett, agent to Gisborough estate said: ‘Basically we are sympathetic with Cleveland transit’s problem. But for a considerable number of years we have been trying to raise the standard of Guisborough market.
‘One of the things we are aiming at is that the market should be a traditional one and should not be filled with mobile stalls and caravans but all trading should be done from stalls of good design and pleasant colour.
‘The reason we asked Cleveland Transit to stand down was because they have a caravan and also we wanted to keep the market rights to Thursdays and Saturdays only and not every day of the week. If anyone else comes along during the week and starts trading we point out it is not a market day and ask them to move on.
‘I did offer to try and find alternative accommodation for Cleveland Transit in a shop but this was thought unsatisfactory. They didn’t know what I was tying to find for them so I don’t know how they can say it was not suitable,’ he said.

Manor of Gisboro 1856

That the Court Leet with view of Frankledge and Court Baron of Thomas Chaloner Esquire, Captain in the Royal navy, Lord of the Manor of Gisborough, in the Conty of York, will be holden on Friday, the 27th day of June next, at the Town Hall, in Gisborough aforesaid, at 9 o’Clck in the forenoon, when and where all persons owing suit and service at the said courts, are required to attend.
That immediately after the Jury at the said Court have been sworn, the Lord of the said manor will perambulate the ancient and accustomed boundaries of the said manor, of which all Lords Stewards, and Freeholders of adjoining Lordships, Manors and Territories, and all other persons interested in the said perambulation are required to take notice.
Dated this 20th day of May 1856
T.T. Trevor
Steward of the said Manor

Hodgson, Printer, Gisborough.

(Thos Ch. succeeded 1855)

Mary Chaloner’s Account Book
ZFM Chaloner Papers Northallerton County Record Office. Culled 3/1/1973

13th February 1754 "Dr. Coats, attendance on Mr.Chaloner £4/4/-." Mr.Chaloner died 17 Feb.
"Cash pd Mr.Walker for my son's schooling and pocket money disburst on his a/c as per bill £8/161-". Boarding school or private tutor?

1st August 1754 "To Oliver Preswick for sail cloth for covering of Pond House £1/18/6d.

13 February 1760 "To my Son's Share towards a Subscription for the Relief of the Sufferers by the Fire in Gisbrough £2/2/-.

Presentation to Volunteers
1902 – 9 August. Presentation by Mrs Chaloner of Watches to three Guisborough Volunteers: Privates Davis, Shore and Beeton. Davis still in S Africa, his wife received the watch.

1901 – July – From Guisborough Parish Magazine
Volunteers South African War 1900-1901
Pts Davis and John Wood of 1st Vol. Btn of Princess of Wales Own Regt – 16 months service. Met at Guisborough Railway Station by Band and members of K Coy of PWO and by Guisborough Band. Carried shoulder-high to Market Cross “where cheered”. Guard of Honour of Guisborough Art. Vols under command of Sgt Major Dadd. Mr Wm Charlton, Chairman of Urban District Council, presented each man with a handsome silver watch with monogram inscription – “Appreciation of Voluntary Services in S. African War, February 1900 to June 1901”.

Shocker for the Lords ...
Evening Gazette 14 November 1985
Only two pupils are legitimate!
All but two children in a school in the Middlesbrough area are legitimate it was claimed today.
The claim by Cleveland’s Lord Lieutenant Lord Gisborough shocked the house of Lords.
He used the revelation as a warning that 61 of a schools 63 pupils are illegitimate as a warning of how unemployment is helping to rock the fabric of society.
He said that bored girls were getting themselves pregnant deliberately , so they had a ‘toy’ to occupy them.
Lord Gisborough was clearly referring to Middlesbrough but he declined to identify the location – when he said: ‘I come from a place not far from a town where there is 25% unemployment throughout the town.’
There was one particularly harrowing area of 18,000 population with a housing estate where unemployment approached 90%. This produced boredom, depression, inactivity and despair.
Lord Gisborough commented on an Evening Gazette report when he went on: “The youngsters are bored and, needless to say, prone to get into trouble. They have time on their hands. They are a nuisance They run across the roofs; they vandalise; and they are careless.
“I have a headline which says ‘Yobs laughed as pensioner lay dying.’ They chased the pensioner until he started dying, then surrounded him and laughed at him. That sort of headline is not unique to the town.”
Lord Gisborough then turned to the plight of the jobless youngsters, who were not only unemployed, but unemployable.
“They look for something to do that they can enjoy. They form, very often, early sexual liaisons. The girls deliberately go and get themselves pregnant so that they can obtain from the State – I refer to one particular case of a three-bedroomed house. But very often they get their own flat. They get a Social Security income. They get independence. “They get a form of status that they want. They also have a child which is a toy and which gives them something to do.
“It involves children between 14 and 16. In one school, 61 out of 63 children are illegitimate.”
The town – again Lord Gisborough wouldn’t name it – had a 25 per cent illegitimacy rate. And the problem tended to repeat itself. Illegitimate youngsters tended to leave home early and repeat the whole process bringing “a great danger” to the social structure.
The youngsters must not be allowed to “rot into unemployment” Lord Gisborough said during the Queen’s Speech debate.

Schoolgirl claims denied
Evening Gazette Friday 15 Novr 1985
Education chiefs today threw down a “put up or shut up” challenge to Lord Gisborough over his sensational House of Lords speech.
The Lord Lieutenant of Cleveland, who claimed that 61 of 16 pupils in a school in the Middlesbrough area were illegitimate, had officials baffled over its whereabouts.
And Cleveland’s educational spokesman David Stevenson, firmly denied such an illegitimacy rate existed.
He declared: “The whole thing as far as we can see is without foundation.”
“I spoke to the heads of two small schools in an area of urban deprivation,” he added. “They have no record of illegitimacy.”
In the Queen’s Speech debate Lord Gisborough said that bored girls were getting themselves pregnant deliberately so they could have a “toy” to occupy them.
Mr Stevenson said there was no evidence that girls “were forming early sexual relationships. “Nor was there “any evidence of increase in illegitimacy.”
He added: “I would like to know his sources. If he has evidence it would be helpful to now what it is. We feel disturbed by what he has said.”
After is speech Lord Gisborough refused to elaborate and was not available for comment today.

Breaching the great divide
Evening Gazette Comment, Friday 15 Nov 1985.
Peers were startled to hear from such a pillar of the establishment as Lord Gisborough, the Lord Lieutenant of Cleveland, the claim that unemployment was destroying the fabric of society.
They may have expected such a litany of social decline from a Labour Life Peer but the fact that it came from a figure from the fabric of the aristocracy must inevitably carry more weight.
Lord Gisborough should be applauded for his unequivocal revelations and for speaking up for the victims of unemployment.
The problems of teenage hooliganism in all its dreadful forms and the sheer futility of young girls getting pregnant out of boredom or to get state benefits are becoming familiar stories.
Without saying so it seemed evident he was speaking of Middlesbrough. But he could just as easily have been speaking of any part of Cleveland.
There must be doubt about his claim that a school exists with 63 pupils only two of which are legitimate, unless it is a special nursery for unmarried mums. But his concern remains intact.
If his Lordship – so closely reflecting the view of Prince Charles – at one extreme and the unemployed at the other are (sic) aware of the problems, why do those with the power to tackle the problems refuse to acknowledge and still less do something about them.

Development 3

Admiral Chaloner Cottage Hospital
for ironstone miners originally.
3 women patients only there in 1976!

2004/2005 Residential Development. .

West wing built on to match original east wing

Chaloner Papers ZFM Northallerton

There is a very attractive and well drawn plan for the erection of eleven villas which never got on to the ground. The site is that of the Hutton Lane Council estate running off the west end of Rectory Lane towards the old railway track.
Did the Admiral envisage the commuters of his day using it?
Did he envisage a Halt between Guisborough Station and Hutton Station? Did it peter out because it was on Leasehold?

In his a/cs. for 1874 (October 14) "Paid Walker advertising on Villa Sites £l/l0/-“.