Sunday, 13 December 2009

Inns, Taverns & Public Houses

- now (1984) NatWest Bank. Bank took over the Cock in Decr 1875. Previously Bank premises started in 1835 at beginning of Northgate (now Meredith’s Confectioners) opposite to Black Swan.

Dinner at The Buck.
From A Month in Yorkshire, by Walter White, 1858.

“Having refreshed myself at the Buck, I took an evening stroll, not a little surprised at the changes which the place had undergone since I once saw it. Then it had the homely aspect of a village and scarce a sound would you hear after nine at night in its long wide street; now at both ends new houses intrude on the fields and hedgerows, the side lanes have grown into streets lit by gas and watched by policemen. Tippling irondiggers disturb the night with noisy shouts when sober folk are a-bed, and the old honest look has disappeared for ever. More delightful than now must the prospect have been in the early days and even within the present century, when no great excavations of ironstone left yellow blots in the masses of foliage.”

Masons Arms
At Stump Cross closed 1965.

Moorcock opened nr Chapel Beck Br 19—
(And replaced with apartment blocks abt 2002?)

Baines Directory:

Anchor, Belmangate,Wm Page
Black Swan, Westgate, Ann Shepherd
Buck Inn, Market Place, Mary Watson
Cock Inn &Coml. Hotel & Posting House, Market Place, Thomas Marsh
Fox Inn, Bow St, Wm Ord
George & Dragon, Market Place, John Scaife
Golden Lion, Market Place, Joseph Garbutt
Highland Laddie, Church St, Elizabeth Leng
King’s Head, Westgate, Edward Williamson
Lord Nelson, Church St
Mermaid (later Tap & Spile), Westgate, John Peart
Seven Stars Hotel & Posting House, Market Place, Thomas Booth
Ship, Westgate, Herman Howcroft
Sloop, Westgate, John Beadnall
Three Fiddlers (Three Fiddles), Westgate
Also in 1840: King William in Church St (Ralph Greathead).

Abbey, Redcar Rd
Chaloner, Northgate
Globe, Northgate
Miners Arms, Westgate, West End
Station Hotel, Chaloner St
Red Lion, Church St, (closed 1970)

Add: Masons Arms, corner of Child St, off Cleveland St (Westgate end).

Ord’s History of Cleveland, 1846 p 229: “Gisborough abounded in public houses when the alum works were prosperous and the sail-cloth manufactories progressed. The following were in Church Street:
Ralph Greathead’s, then the sign of the Salutation;
Elizabeth Lincoln’s, the Unicorn;
Robert Knaggs’, the Plough;
Jane Corney’s, the Chequers*
David Lincoln’s, the sign of the Black Dog.
These with the first exception, by decrease of trade and increase of morality have wholly disappeared, and are now occupied respectively by individuals otherwise engaged, and in one case by a shining light and chief apostle of tee-totalism!” Note Ord’s quip: Ord not a TT?
Old George Pallister (tailor) d. 196?, told me that the cottage in Church Square with
above the door was the Three Clubs pub at one time.

The Three Fiddles Inn 1758. From Ralph Ward Jackson’s Diary, p 152. ‘... Thomas Corney’s at the sign of The Three Fiddles’. (Middlesbrough Ref. Library)

Wright's Poems


What I am about to write,
Took place in Guisbro' one winter's night,
While in a tavern there we met,
A company of young men—set.

Their business was not more or less,
To have some game with cards, or chess,
And drink their glasses, all around,
At the "Ship" in Westgate they were found.

To spend their night so jovial there,
And of those pleasures have their share;
Now, many a drink their sweet to bitter,
And often lurch themselves in litter.

Some say they play at "beggar my neighbour,"
And some go home more drunk than sober;
'Twas not the case with Jonathan Price,
Who liked to play with cards and dice.

A stranger man came to the place,
Who to the company seem'd no disgrace;
He in the game now join'd a hand,
And all he had at his command.

For in it, he was so complete,
Won all the games, that very night;
On him they look'd with trem'rous awe,
And yet, did not the gamester know.

They set their eyes on him—aghast,
Now found the stranger out at last;
A cloven foot, beneath the table,
Caus'd one to leave as soon as able.

When he had dealt the cards around,
One slipt his hand—fell to the ground;
To gather't up—bent down so quick—
Lo, and behold! he saw old Nick.

He movèd fast now from his seat,
Resolvèd there no more to meet;
He'd now found out—it was an evil,
To play at cards, along with't devil.

Pray mind what I'm about to say,
Those who yet with them will play;
May be, in Jonathan's condition,
I should not like much, his profession.

Whether Drink or Tremens, I cannot see,
What caus'd him in this state to be;
It may be, Jonathan's imagination—
Occasioned by the drinking fashion.

My advice here is, keep out of evil,
Then we're sure to cheat the devil;
Which thing is right, and fair, we should,
And see our company be good.

Now, as for Price, and his assertion,
To all this I have great aversion;
On him it rests—if conscience clear,
I would not be on him severe.

We know the vanity of men.
Some know what's bad, and try't again;
It must be strange, to see such things,
But might been worse, if he'd had wings,

And flown away, with Jonathan quick,
We might imagin'd then—it was old Nick.
Thankful he felt, his life was spar'd,
Resolv'd, never to play another card.

You may give credit to it or not,
He no more is a drunken sot;
His former habits he has forsaken,
And of Christianity now partaken.

There sought pleasures, as he saith,
In holy writ, with Christ, by faith;
There is no doubt, but what he saw
Struck on his mind a wondrous blow.

'Tis forty years, and more, since he,
Did emptiness and folly see,
In things so foolish, where mankind
Expect their happiness to find.

Thus with King Charles the VI. of France,
For whom, cards were invented once,
Him to amuse, in intervals of pain,
I trust, therefrom, his mind was chang'd again.

As his was in the sequel of my tale, you see,
And so might all, who will their folly flee;
Now, my dear friends, the story's at an end,
I'll with it no more time expend.

Just this—his family told me the joke,
Himself won't of the matter talk;
For fear he should the Poet blame,
I've put him in a fictious name.

What shall I say, now, in the end?
Who practise these things, try to mend;
The like of this, we've heard before,
Pray keep outside the tavern door.


In the beauteous vale of Cleveland, Guisbro' stands,
So noted for its health, and pleasant fertile lands;
'Tis mountainous bound, on every side,
And all round, seems graceful as a bride.

Its walks are pleasing to perspective eye,
With songsters in the woods, and Spa close by;
Whose purity of waters, from the rocks that spring,
Alike are suited, for the beggar and the king.

Those who have prov'd the same, know fully well,
The Poet here, the truth in verse doth tell;
Now where the waters are so pure and good,
Reason will dictate, purity of blood.

The oxigen of air, which wafts in every breeze,
Then cannot but the connoisseur please;
Thus are we situate too, near Neptune's range,
Where now the scenery so grand, doth change.

(Rest missing)

Saturday, 12 December 2009

Family names Patton to Wynne


An Inventory of the Goods, Cattle and chattels of Mary Patton widow, late of Gisbrough deced as they were apprized this 24th day of Aprill, by us whose names are hereunder written

Imprimis –
In ye fforehouse one table and a fframe one cupboard ten little pewter dishes four pewter candlesticks two flagons one dozen of spoons with some other little utensils of pewter, two chaires, two stools, two Reckons, two paire of tongs one paire of bellows, one spit and one smoothing iron
In ye Parlour one bedstead with bedding to it one chest and one Wood forme
In ye Buttery two kettles, two pans and one iron pott, one milkpale, six dishes, 12 trenchers, six wood bowles, 1 churne
In ye Chamber one bedstead with bedding to it, one Chest with Linnen in it, one spinnen Wheel, one tub
One Cow, one heifer, one yearling Stirk
The Tenant right of her housing and Ground,
Her Purse and Apparrell

Total: £35/15/-

The Appraizers Names –
Thos Spencer
Thomas Lincolne
George Hindson
T: Spencer junr
24 April 1696


Memorial to Anne Pullan, on wall of S aisle, Guisborough Parish Church.
Marble tablet - black surround.

More research required on Edward Pullan – occupation, dwelling house, family.

to the memory of
Wife of Edward Pullan Esqr
And Relict of the late
Dawson Esqr of Azzerley Hall
In this county
Who died January 24, 1838
Aged 42 years.
Also sacred
To the memory of
Edward Pullan Esqr Husband of the above Anne
Who departed this life August 20, 1839
Aged 32 years.”

? A cholera epidemic? Check. Azzerley? 2 Dawson’s in Ord’s List of Subscribers.

Burial Reg.
Anne Pullan, 42 yrs, of Guisborough buried 1.12.1838 ??? see above
Edward Pullan of Skelton buried 23.8.1839, 32 yrs

On May 12 1974 visited Whorlton Church. Interior of Church of Holy Cross in the village. (Old church was Church of Holy Rood and a ruin – save enclosure for effigy*)
A wall tablet to Charles Pullan, son of Richard and Ann Pullan, d. 2 Sept. 1824. Aged 19.

* The wooden effigy in the old church is packed with charcoal as a preservative. Shirley knight has seen this. 12.5.74.
There is a peephole in the door which is locked.

PULMAN Alexander
vide Fairfax Blakeborough.
“… a quaint man, a farrier”. “On the Guisborough market day he could always be found, because of the fact that he daubed his clothing with some peculiar and strong smelling drug, making his presence and whereabouts quickly known.”


Eliza PUNCHER, wife of William Puncher, second daughter of robert and Eliza PULMAN of Guisborough, born 25th December 1794.

Tablet in parish church. Future research – bapt entry 25 Dec 1794, d 1865. Notes re Pulman family. Were they married in S Nicolas? Wm Puncher – occupation?


Gravestones in churchyard (W end of yard, near E end of church)
(The churchyard was drastically “tidied up” by UDC in 1961 – some stones resited, some broken)

John Rigg, Jan 28, 1704, His will 24 Jan, see also his inventory.
William Rigg, June 25, 1718.
Robert Rigg, Mar Ye 11, 1699.
Cuthbert Rigg, March 1, 1723, 43 yrs.
John Rigg, May 16, 1761, 55 yrs.
Also: Thomas, son of John & Catherine Rigg, 1762, 4 yrs and 6 mths.

20 May 1727 – Baptism of Frances, daughter of Sam Sherwood, Toymaker, and Thomasine his wife.


Letter of 3 Feb. 1983. Thomas Simpson’s:
As far as we know unrelated. The only one with a link with Henry Cross is Thomas Simpson of Nunthorpe Hall, who was a warden of the Guisborough Grammar School and Almshouses. d. 7 Feb 1848. Buried old churchyard, Great Ayton, aged 62.
The other two Simpsons were – the Rev T.S. (d. 1836 aged 72) of Ebberston, who solemnised the wedding of Henry Cross, and a Thomas Simpson who was Vicar of Helmsley for 26 years.

Letter of 22 Feb. A Mr Thos. Weatherill a subscriber to Ord’s History of Cleveland. ‘A man with this name was a relative of the wife of Henry Cross.’ (Ord’s History pub. 1843 in parts, 1846 in vol. ) Sent him a list as attached (see below).

Letter of 20 June, RBS.‘ … of Thomas Simpson at Guisborough (ie. as Warden) and as Vicar of Ebberston is a pure coincidence.’

Burial of Robert Stokeld of Chaloner St. Age 5 hrs. 14 Novr 1883

Check –
Stokeld family – see a/c of prosecution of …
who was treasurer of a Friendly Society

Did Joseph Thorn Stokeld take over the printing business of …

*lived in Chaloner St. Did he use old ground floor and upper storey behind present GPO (soon to be relinquished 1990!!! – present privatisation mania!)

*was occupied in 1930s by Tommy Wilson who was a milk retailer while WB and EB lived in Walker’s Row

Court Clerk’s £11,000
Newspaper cutting, no date
Mr John Dinsdale Stokeld, of Stonecourt, Yearby, clerk to the magistrates at a number of courts in the Cleveland area, a governor of Guisborough Grammar School, a former secretary of Guisborough Cricket Club who died on May 3, left £11.653 (£11,395 net. Duty paid £681). Probate has been granted to his widow Mrs Ivie Stokeld, of the same address, and John A Askew, solicitor, of 4 West Terrace, Redcar.

1881 Census: Joseph Thorn Stokeld, 15 Chaloner Street, (hse), 30, Printer, Master employing 3 boys. Born Byers Green, Co Durham. Wife Isabel, 21, born Alston, Cumberland. (Son Henry born 1880. d ?)
Burial 10 Sept 1884 – Iasbel Stokeld, Chaloner St, Church Regs. – burial: Robert Stokeld of Chaloner St, Guisborough, age 5 hours, 14 Novr, 1883.

Alan Stokeld buried in the graveyard of St Gregory's Minster, Ryedale.


One Charles Trevor of London had a sister who married Ralph Disraeli (a connection prized by the family). First Trevor in Guisborough was Thomas Tudor Trevor (1816-1872). Lived at Pond Cottage, Whitby Lane. Said to have left £40,000. 2nd Earl of Zetland had a nephew Thomas Lawrence Yeoman of Whitby and got him the job of Clerk of the Peace on condition that he appointed Thomas Tudor Trevor to the post of Deputy Clerk to look after things for him. For sidelights on his character, see the story of Guisborough Mutual Improvement Society). Made money doing legal work for the new railways mid 19c. Charles Trevor (above) had a son William Charles Trevor (1843-1919). Attorney as per brass plate (in Guisborough Museum). Lived at Overbeck, Guisborough. So it looks as though his uncle was keeping it in the family. Deputy Clerk of the Peace 1872-1889. Subsequently C of p and also Clerk to NRCC. Also Clerk to Justices.
From the collection of photographs it will be seen that he had 2 sons and 2 daughters. One son Charles Tudor Trevor (1878-1938) was a solicitor with offices in the Town Hall and was Clerk to the Justices and to the Commissioners of Taxes. (John Stokeld got his job as Clerk to the Justices in 1938.) The other son Charles Arnold Trevor, one photo of him as a soldier in the RAMC 1914 War. No occupation known. Interested in watching trains on Hutton Lane junction line. The daughters Maude and Rose, like their brothers, did not marry. Connected with church and charitable activities*. Rose went to Sidmouth and died there. Left Daisy Armstrong (nee Ward) £500 and custody of her diaries and other personal papers and objects (with “for the Trevor corner in the Guisborough Museum” written on the packet). Maud died in her Church Square house. Estate about £20,000. Bequest of £1,000 to Parish Church. Had previously paid cost of erecting Lady Chapel in the church in memory of her parents. Font also a Trevor memorial (earlier), a poor piece. Lady Chapel subsequently dismantled and font placed on site! A new Lady Chapel erected in top of raised roof of Chaloner Vault which was sealed up after the Chaloner enclosed pew had been removed (see old photos). None of these changes the work of natives but of a new Rector and incomers on the PCC.

Rose appears as a nurse with WWI wounded,
on the extreme right, in a Chaloner Hall war hospital photo.

Thomas Tudor Trevor 1816-1872.
Deputy Clerk of the Peace 1849-1872.
Thomas Lawrence Yeoman (1819-1901) of Woodland family of Whitby and nephew to Thomas 2nd Earl of Zetland, “who is said to have given him the Clerkship on condition that he appointed Thomas Tudor Trevor to look after things for him as Deputy.” Said to have been worth £40,000. In on the ground floor: railway development – Bills through Parliament/ironstone development and land/plus his income from other work as an Attorney. Lived at Priory Cottage.

William Charles Trevor 1843-1919
of Overbeck, Stokesley Road, Guisborough. Deputy Clerk of Peace 1872-1889. Clerk of Peace of the NR County Council 1898-1915. Clerk to Justices Langbaurgh East Division 1872-1903. Nephew to TTT. WCT was son of Charles Trevor Controller of Legacy and Succession Duties, Somerset Hse, and of his wife Olivia (née Lindo). His sister Katherine married Ralph Disraeli. Had a chauffeur before 1914. Recall him as a ponderous pedestrian.. Had 2 sons and 2 daughters, all remained single. Son Charles, a solicitor, and a son Arnold William said to have spent his time watching trains. 2 daughters Rose and Maude. Rose was an ardent supporter of the church and was responsible for distribution of the Parish Magazine. I remember Rector Mackie saying he never enquired about the financial side of the magazine, implying that Miss Rose Trevor subsidised it. Her sister was also a regular worshipper at S. Nicholas. After Maude Trevor died some of her effects showed that the family had travelled abroad frequently. Rose Trevor left Guisborough and resided at Sidmouth. She died on ? and bequeathed £500 to Mrs A Armstrong (née Daisy Ward) and a box from a Stokesley solicitor containing old photos and a collection of shells collected by her brother Charles whilst he was serving in the Forces in Palestine – First World War. Rose left a diary for this period and it was notable for her unawareness of the hardship of everyday life. Also attempts at poetry. (Two women isolated by their upbringing!)

The fate of their Memorials. Three memorials, two in the church and a grave-cover* in the churchyard relate to the family. The first, the font, has survived two removals. Installed in 1872 (an unfortunate design) it was in the south aisle at the west end. At the 1904 restoration it was removed to the north aisle, west end, and in the 1960s to its present site at the east end of the north aisle. One of the defects of the church furnishings is the absence of an ancient font, usually a reliable source of antiquity.
The removal in 1872 of the Trevor font to the east end of he north aisle caused the dismembering of the Trevor Memorial Chapel, erected in 1952. (see above). The woodwork was used to form a sacristy and the memorial inscription, originally outside he chapel, was created at the east end of the south aisle, with two memorial windows providing a setting – one to the second Baron Gisbrough and the older window to a son of the first Baron.
To cap it all, the complete overhaul of the organ turned the sacristy into a storeroom – this in 1983! So the plaque in blue lettering (transcribed above) and the surrounding screen are the ...

*The gravestone in the churchyard has been displaced and vandalised, the marble corner pieces been thrown over the wall into the priory grounds. three of these pieces are among the debris of priory stones to the SE of the E Window.

(The Clerks of the Counties 1360-1900, by Sir Edgar Stephens. 1961. p 188)

see Guisborough Before 1900 p 153: TTT’s vendetta against Geo. Lowe; also p 229 re his prevention of Mutual Improvement Society meeting in the Town Hall. His Sunday post was delivered to his pew at Matins!

Newspaper cutting: £1,000 left to church at Guisborough. An estate of £18,017 (£17,788 net; duty paid £2,048) was left by Miss Maude Trevor, of 50, Church Square, Guisborough, who died on April 25. Among other bequests she left £200 to Maude E Best, of Old Pinchinthorpe Cottage, Guisborough; £1,000 to the Parochial Church Council of Guisborough; £100 to Dr Thomas A Pratt, of Guisborough; £100 to Rev Cecil Morrison of Guisborough; and £50 “to my bank manager” Mr S Forrest of Guisborough. The residue is equally divided between Millicent M Huxley and Lawrence G Appleby. Probate has been granted to Lawrence G Appleby and Donald Matthews, solicitors, both of Stokesley.


1873, 12 November: Ann, wife of Mr George Venables of London, buried.
Check for marriage.

1785, 11 Augutst – Roger Sanders, glazier, and Ann Corney, both of this parish, married in the presence of George Venables and Mary Venables.
Had GV married again? Any connection with Corney family?

GV’s first visit to Guisbrough – vide his prospectus for his school – ‘some important business having called me …’

Churchwardens A/cs. Jan. 18, 1856 – Wm Brice, Bill for Mrs Venables’ headstone - £2/15/6
Check Gents Mag. Sept. 1814


1841 Census
Wm Weatherill, 30, Solicitor
Anne W, 25
Margaret W, 6
Anne W, 4
William, 3
Helen, 9mths

1823 Baines’ Directory of N Yks
Thomas Weatherill, Gent, Westgate
1831 Guisborough Parish Registers
Baptism of Thomas, son of Thomas and Margaret Weatherill
1841 Census – TW, 30, Brewer, Market Place. Born at Marske.
1841 Census – Thomas Weatherill, 70, Farmer, Church St. His wife Esther, 60
1851 Census – TW, 42 (sic), Master Brewer and Spirit Merchant, employing 23 men, Northoutgate. Born Marske.
Margaret his wife, 35, born at Wilton.
Children – Anne 10, Kate 8, William 6, Herbert T 2.
Also resident: Elizabeth Weatherill, sister to Thomas, 39. Born Marske. (in 1861 Census, William omitted) Also in 1861 Census, Elizabeth is “Postmistress”.
1890 Bulmer’s Directory of N Riding of Yks – Mrs Margaret Weatherill of Sunnyfield House.
1851 Census–TW, 81, Retired Farmer, Church St, born at Tocketts. Esther 78? Born in Hinderwell

In our churchyard there is a gravestone “In Memory of Elizth Weatherill, died Sept. the 29th 1792
Aged 49 Years. Wife of Thomas. (Stone somewhat weathered)

Also William Weatherill, 30, Solicitor (1841 Census)
and Baptism of Margaret Elizabeth, daughter of William and Ann Weatherill, Solicitor, 2 April 1835. (No. 1286 Guis Parish Reg)
See also “The People’s History f Cleveland” by GM Tweddell, Stokesley, 1872.
M’bro Ref. Lib. Ch. 9/51077.

WINTER Thomas - Tontine (Cleveland)

WYNN Anthony, Middlesbrough 1830-40 witness
son John Wm 31 in 1871


Will of Richard Wynne of Gisborough. April 19, 1652

Alchin 409. Yks. Arch. Assn. Record Series Vol IX. 1890
NR Cty Library. Y942.74. Abstract of Yks Wills. 165-66

To be buried in Church of Guisborough as near as the burying place of my children as conveniently may be. To beloved wife Ann several messuages, closes, 7c. on trust to pay –

£700 to eldest son Richard when he shall have served his apprenticeship and be made a Freeman of the City of London or at 25.

Arthur second son – for as much as I have already beene at great charges placeing him in a convenient way of living and he hath soe misguided himselfe that I have lost all the charge I have been at with him, £20.

John third son £100 (conditions as for Richard).
James fourth son £100 at 23.
Bryan fifth son £100 at 23.
Robert sixth son £100 at 21.
Anne eldest daughter £5 in addition to settlement.
Elizabeth, second daughter (wife of Theophilus Ffurbisher) in addition to £100 already had, 40/-. Her sons Martin and Theophilus 20s. each.
Margaret third daughter £100 at 21.
Dorothy fourth daughter £100 at 21.
To poor of Gisborough £10.
Two Supervisors 40s. each:
Good friend and near kinsman John Turner of Kirkleatham Esq.
Robt. Coulthurst of Upleatham Gent. My brother-in-law.

*Depositions at Guisborough 13.1.1624. (age 31)
Note London connections – Wynne and Turner – alum

*All wills between 1652-1560 proved in London.
Re-opening of Courts at York October 1660. YAS. Rec. Series Vol. LIX.

Jeffrey’s Map 1771 shows Winn Hall near Upleatham. Any connection?

1841 Census: (Church St)
Joseph Wynn, 45, Stone Mason
Mary his wife, 45
Joseph, son, 15, Joiner’s Apprentice
Margaret, daughter, 15
William, son, 12
Elizabeth, daughter, 8
All born in Yorkshire
1851 Census
Joseph Wynn, 58, Red Lion Inn, Mason and Innkeeper, born in Guisborough.
Red Lion in Church St. now premises of the Yorkshire Bank.
Note 1861 Census Return: 6 houses in Wynn’s Buildings

Wynne Family – Baptisms
Guisborough Parish Register

276/9 January 1818
Thomas, son of Joseph and Mary Winn, Guisbrough, Mason.
404/6 February 1820
Mary, daughter of Joseph and Mary Wynne, Stone Mason
514/10 Novr. 1821
Joseph, son of Joseph and Mary Winn, Stonemason
640/4 Novr. 1823
Margaret, daughter of Joseph and Mary Winn, Stonemason
760/4 Decr. 1825
Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Mary Winn, Stonemason
899/27 March 1828
William, son of Joseph and Mary Winn.

Wynn’s Yard, off Redcar Road. The Priory and the Privvies (Photo WDB)
Now upstaged to Wynn’s Garth.

Likewise altered: Scarth’s Yard to Greear Garth (bottom end of Westgate)

The prime example of updating was the London touch when development took place beyond Stump Cross – West End, Park Lane, Grosvenor Square!

Sunday, 6 December 2009

Family names F to P

‘New Poetry 3’ – Arts Council of Great Britain, 1977.
An anthology, edited by Maureen Duffy and Alan Brownjohn.
Paperback. ISBN 0728701464.

by Kenneth Fell

Vapours rise on the smouldering earth
Encrusted with parched rock, cold,
Though once hurled out scalding,
With a stench like scorched hooves being shod
.With or without pomp,
Our bodies are given to the last searing heats
Resembling those deep in the earth,
Or in the sun
Or in all the stars that are not yet black moons,
Or in the tears brandished like torches,
Fretting their short channels
And estuaries of eyelids,
Falling like burning seeds.
In silent rooms of state
The scarlet wax hardens
into promises of peace
But there were other wars and others fires
And even laughter is often accompanied
By tears equally hot.

KF was billeted in Guisborough (after Dunkirk) and was a frequent visitor to No. 17 Whitwell Terrace.

Whitwell Terrace was a short cul-de-sac—still is, and the road surface isn’t made up even yet (2004)—where army trucks came to be parked, soon after Dunkirk: the Drill Hall was opposite the end of the road, where Park Lane meets Bolckow Street. Add to these circumstances the fact that Emily B was in the WVS, serving beans-on-toast along with other rationed fare, at the canteen halfway down, on the west side of, Chaloner Street, where squaddies made the best of not being at home, and it was natural enough that some among them who liked reading came and sat by our fireside, talked books with the compositor and gave my brother and me War Economy Standard paperbacks of Worzel Gummidge and The Cuckoo Clock. There was Ken Craddock, left us photographs of trucks on the Dunkirk beaches, and there was Ken Fell. (JB)

1727 – Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Fox, baptised. Excise or alum – or both?

Frank, Mr Wm

Newscutting – vide J (from school cleaner)
Mon. 14 Sept 1903. Inquest on Mr Wm Frank –
“…found dead in the stable of his home yesterday with a terrible gash in his throat.” Wife Elizabeth identified the body. Verdict: suicide.
Query: any relation of TP, confectioner, whose premises in Westgate previously had signboard Frank – special reason for sorting this out.

13.6.1788– “Called on Mr Chaloner where General Hale invited me to go with him to hear Rev. John Westley (sic) preach extempore for half an hour which he did in a yard* near Mr Harrison’s house- an excellent and affecting Discourse from the latter part of the 3rd v. 5 chap. St John’s 1st Epistle “His Commandments are not grievous”. Mr Rudd was with us. Market Day. Dined on beef stakes at the sign of the Cock, the first time since that House was kept by Richard Pulman Jnr, late servant to Mr Chaloner.”
Ralph Jackson’s Journal, 1.10.1787 to 16.2.1790

*Old Chapel Yard. Mr Harrison at Sunnyfield House ?

(1) 1783 – Dec. The General made his notable Reform Speech at York. Copy at Northallerton Record Office. ZFM Chaloner Papers.

(2) 1784 – His proposals did not find a seconder. (Surprisingly the General was a radical humanitarian)

1785 – (1) and (2) printed\at York. Octavo. 33pp. 34 blank. ZFM as above.

Gisbrough Papers Cty. Rec. Office

Letter from John Hale to son Richard. “Plantation 1801”. Written by “your Mother” and her letter on same sheet. “dining tete-a-tete”. Children out for the day. Family of 21! “I shall be heartily glad to embrace you once more in the month of May if I live so long, and I do not hear that Daniel has yet declared of me, as he did of old Nateby that I should never hear the Cuckoo sing again.”
Note: photostat of pamphlet written by the General.
Note: His memories of Wolfe and Quebec. Colonel in 1759.
General died 1806. Aged 78. B. 1728. Married Mary Chaloner 1763.

Letter from James Braithwaite, 16 Clarendon Rd, Leeds. 19 June 1905.
JB’s father brought up by Rev. Richard Hale.
“… About 1780 (say 1760 ?) the 17th Lancers quartered in S of Scotland. Col. Hale allowed Lt Lascelles to go to Guisboro to see his sweetheart, Miss Chaloner. During his absence the Col. Had to go to London (post horses in those days) and thought he would call at Guisboro to see what his Lieutenant was doing; there he fell in love with Mary Chaloner – the second daughter and ultimately married her; had 21 children, one of whom was Richard Hale, Vicar of Harewood, and uncle of the Lord harewood of his day …. The Plantation was left and pulled down in 1809 … Diary too interesting to be lost … too dangerous, for it might have been published. I dare not let any of the Lascelles have it for it contains things held against them …”

Richard Hale’s Diary
Grandmother Chaloner lived with them 20 years and died under their roof. Left Richard £500 to pay college expenses. “Elias Hervey seeing the infirmity said, He must be for the church and as I have some livings he shall have one and it was so.”
Notes: Elias Hervey was a relative. RH had a wen above the toes of his right foot, which increased. The wen was noticed when RH was two years old. After Elias Hervey’s death, RH Vicar of Harewood.

Journey to the Lakes with Chaloner in 1803 by Richard Hale.
A buggy, a groom and 2 horses.
RH kept fleas at bay at Leyburn by his snuff box, “at a warrantable distance from my person”. “Chaloner at 5 the next morning appeared at my bedside a martyr to their stings, a melancholy moving blister … Chaloner eating voraciously and paying liberally .. the French inns have made him an enviable traveller in England and he is now (12o’clock) …”
Chaloner races to Windermere – old horse could hardly stand and I from fright could hardly see. On to Coniston lake, “our appearance in the highest degree ludicrous. Chaloner who measures 6’ 3” was on a grey pony not quite so high as a Newfoundland Dog and mine was about the same size, a melancholy specimen without oats.”
RH critical: house of Bp. of Landaff, about 3 miles from Bowness.
“Later met with a remarkably good bottle of port and what is more remarkable we did not finish it for he heat of the day was quite intolerable.”
Trunk stolen at Skipton (left behind by postillion). Recovered “his valuable repository of Chaloner rags.” “Thief making haste across fields.” Back to Harewood.

Mary Chaloner was a minor under her mother’s guardianship when she married John Hale. Copy of extract of marriage pasted in Guis. marr. reg. at request of Mr Lewin, grandson of John and Mary Hale – 12 Oct. 1875. M/Cr of parish of S. George, Hanover Sq. John Hale of parish of S. James, Westminster.
(Note: 1874 Thomas Lewin married Mary Hale.)
11 June 1763 (Certd. Copy) S. George’s, Hanover Sq. See parish register.
Mary Hale’s (nee Chaloner) letter of 1803 to sone Richard (from Marske where she had gone for health reasons): “Harriet is expected o tumble in pieces in a very short time.” Harriet married to …

Ord p. 234 General Hale’s daughter’s letter “an ancient house to which the General added largely and made it his residence.”

Ord’s History (pp.234/5) A letter, 7 May 1839, vide Ann Smelt, daughter of General Hale: “… With regard to my father’s being aide-de-camp to General Wolfe, I think you are incorrect; for Wolfe words were, after receiving his mortal wound, I am aware that it is the aide-de-camp’s privilege to carry the dispatches home, but I beg, as a favour to request that my old friend, Colonel Hale, may have that honour. Also General Hale’s portrait is not inserted in that fine print of Wolfe’s death; and why? Because he wouldn’t give the printer the monstrous sum of £100 which he demanded as the price of placing on a piece of paper what his own country knew very well, viz., that he, General Hale, fought in the hottest of the battle of Quebec, whether the printer thought fit to record it or not.”

Ord. John Hale, 4th son of Sir Bernard and Anne Hale “became a General in the Army, Colonel of the 17th Light Dragoon, which regiment he raised at his own expense, and Governor of Londonderry; married Mary daughter of Wm Chaloner, Esq, of Gisborough, Yorkshire, by whom he left issue ten sons and eleven daughters. He was buried 1806 and his lady in 1803, in Gisborough church.”

Ord. Tocketts. 1715 Geo Tocketts sold the equity of redemption of his estate to certain mortgagees, who in turn sold the same to Edward Chaloner, Esq. and by his grandson William the Hall was sold to General Hale about 1763, after whose death it was re-purchased by the Chaloner family and pulled down.

Havelock family

(WDB) received a letter at the end of February 1983 from HJ Jackson of 39 Carew Close, Yarm, Cleveland, asking for information re a grandfather clock inscribed on the dial “Havelock Gifbrough”.
He did not enclose a stamped addressed envelope so I replied on 1 March 1983:
Dear Mr Jackson, I can supply information concerning he Havelock family obtained from documentary sources. None of this goes back to 1680, but there are references pinpointing their activities in the first half of the 18th cent. I assume that as your clock is a valuable heirloom you would wish to obtain factual information. My fee for this would be £3. I have sen a Havelock clock and have a photograph of the dial. It is an excellent piece and still in Guisborough. No reply!

George Havelock, Clockmaker, Guisborough, North Yorkshire. Entry in Parish register dated 2 Sept. 1748, records baptism of “William, son of George Havelock, Clockmaker.” In 1750: “George, son of George Havelock, Clockmaker” was baptised. A gravestone in the churchyard “Erected in Memory of Mary the wife of George Havelock who died 21st of December 1780, Aged 50 (?) years.” One George Havelock appears in the List of Subscribers towards the building of Mr Venables’ Providence School in Guisborough in 1792.
The Churchwarden’s A/cs. For year 1798: “Havelock for clock” records payment of ? This refers to the old clock which is now in the museum at Hutton-le-Hole.
The name Havelock occurs in the Kirkleatham Parish Registers 1559-1812 (in print): Marriage of John Havelock and Elizabeth Hargill (Date: ?). Earlier John Havelock present at Induction of Mr Robert Wemys to the vicarage of Kirkleatham, 9 June 1613. In guisborough other Havelocks were tailors (1823 and 1840 Directories). Others appear in Poor Law records: 21 March 1823 Robert Havelock applied to Overseers for clothing and £5 to emigrate to America. “Clothing granted. £5 to be paid when he arrives in America”. On 31 October 1836 RH asked for a pair of trousers. Allowed cloth repair.

Extract from a letter dated 19/10/1973 from Tom Wolstencroft, 29 Meadowfield, Whaley Bridge, Derbyshire. Postal area Stockport, Cheshire., sent to the Recot of Guisborough, Rev. R Gibson. First half of the letter gave information re gyseburne Cottage, W side of Belmangate, now occupied by Dr Henderson (white-washed building with additions at rear).(A 4 page letter.) The following notes concern the family of Havelock, mentioned by T Wolstencroft –
“Christopher Wiley married Ann Havelock at Guisborough in 1806 (York Bishops Transcripts). Their daughter Jane married John Matson. Chris Wiley was described as a servant at his wedding, but at he baptism of his children he had become a farmer. He was not necessarily a servant of the Chaloner family, but it is likely that the tenancy of the farm was on their land. The name of Danby is likely to remain a mystery. The only family names going back to 1800 are—Matson, Wiley, Havelock and Dickinson.”

My notes—see Ralph Ward’s diary 1754-56—p.197 Mary Havelock, and p.151. 146 and 187—“Sister Havelock.” P.213.

Parish Registers—1756 Rbt Walker of Whitby and Mary Havelock of Guisborough married 6 June. Witnesses George Havelock Robart Walker
John Gisburn Mary Havelock
No.33 Marr. Reg. 1754-50 S. Nicholas Parish Church, Guisborough.

Havelock, John
Parish Registers, 21 Jan. 1717

“William Finnelagh of Colington in Middle Lowden and Kingdom of North Britain, a sojourning joiner, and Jane, daughter of John Havelock, carpenter of this Parish, spr. (A daughter baptised 4 Dec. 1720)

Heppenstall, Rayner.

Author and BBC radio scriptwriter and producer. Lived in Guisborough for 2 yrs. 12 yrs old in 1923. His novel “The Woodshed” is his account of experiences at Guisborough Grammar School, and a tragedy. Fictitious names – Carlin Beck &c. Description of visit to GGS with his father who was Drapery Manager at Guisborough Co-operative Society. Also introduction to “Portrait of the Artist as a Professional man” 1969. p.169 last two lines re his Mother. cf account of his Father in “The Woodshed”.
Mentioned in TV programme in Jan 1964 on George Orwell.
“International Authors and Writers Who’s Who/8th Edn 1977/ Ed. Adrian Gaster. International Biographical Centre, Cambridge Univ.
1934 – (John) Rayner Heppenstall. Born 27 July 1911, Huddersfield, Yks.
Critic, novelist. Education BA Leeds Univ. 1933.
1. The Blaze of Noon, 1939
2. The Greater Infortune, 1943/60
3. Four Absentees, 1960
4. The Fourfold tradition, 1961
5. The Connecting Door*, 1962
6. The Shearers, 1969
7. French Crime in the Romantic Age, 1972
8. Reflections on the Newgate Calendar, 1975
9. Two Moons, 1977
Contributions to: Sunday Times, Encounter, London Magazine
Retrospective Novel Award, Arts Council, 1966
Address, 2 Gifford Park, Deal, Kent.
*ref. to Co-op stables with RH sitting on a horse behind Waterside Lane in Hunderholm.


1841 Census:
Harriet Hudson, 50, Independent
James Hudson, 15, engraver
on S side of Westgate

1608 Robert Hudson a Parish Constable.


Ralph Ward-Jackson Diaries Vol. G,
21/10/1757 to 28/2/1759 – p.160-162
(Class C-G2, Middlesbrough Reference Library)

1758 “This forenoon came the melancholy news of Jno Husband the sadler’s accidental Death, having been found this morning at Eleven near Freebrough Hill – his horse (or rather mare) was met at Eight coming homewards.”
A verdict of accidental death.

Jackson – told that Squire Jackson, later of Normanby Hall, lived at house now (1983) occupied by Meredith’s Confectioners – corner of Northgate/Westgate with large gable end facing west and small window under gable. Before WWI (and II) was Galante’s Ice Cream shop. Earlier still The Golden Lion.
(informant? Pallister – tailor?)


Wm Jacques 1701, Master of Grammar School.
Wm Jaques 1713 – 23rd Decr Date of Inventory of Goods and Books £20.
Elizabeth Jaques, widow, Will and Inventory, 27 Nov. 1717 and 30 Dec 1717. “nephew Wm Proddy”.
1764/1766 – Robert J.;(a saddler) had children baptised.


Mr Harry Jerrett (Harold). No. ? Belmangate showed me the deeds of his house. Dated 1778. Wm Chaloner. Wm Sunley, cordwainer: adjoining Matthew Pybourne on the north. Thomas Lincolne. Robert Sturdy. In the same terrace two dwellings with inscriptions over doorways


HJ d. 1984. Left £127,000! A bachelor. Lived very frugally!

From Parish Reg. Guisborough Yorks.
(Re Recusants) See slides of Dictionary (3) with John Jowsey, also photo in album

Thomas Jowsey Carpenter – from “A List of the Roman Catholics in the County of York, 1604” by Edward peacock, FSA, 1874

1649 to 1660
Thomas Jowsey, Gisborow. Administrator: Oliver Kearsley. “Wills in the Yorkshire Registry” Vol 1, pp52 and 200.
Register Fairfax, Fol 94. Proved in London during the time of the Commonwealth

William Jowsey, sonn of John Jowsey

3 Nov
Isabell, daughter of John Jowsey

1662 (3?)
7 May
Elizabeth Jowsey to John Read

25 Nov
Katherine Jowsey to Thomas Barnet

Hearth Tax records
William Jowsey 1
William Jowsey of *Skarfdaile 2
William Jowsey Jnr of Skarfdaile 1
John Jowsey 2

Thomas Jowsey 1, a Thomas died 1683
Robert Jowsey 2, a Robert died 1666

11 Aug
Thomas Jowsey to Joan Savill (Sadill?)

22 Nov
Marie Jowsey to John Williamson

11 Mar
Christian, daughter of William Jowsey

23 May
William Jowsey to Margaret Hopper (There is a Hopper in Hearth Tax List 1662)

28 Oct
Violet, daughter of John Jowsey

Alice Jowsey spinster. Will made 11 Apr 1666. Probate 3 may, 1666
Vol 48, folio 256, Yk Dio, Reg. YAS Record Series, Vol LX

23 Oct
Elizabeth Jowsey to Robert Robinson

Robert Jowsey, “the dwelling house near the field lees”
Will 14 Apr. Probate 1 Aug 1666. Vol 48, fol 314. Yk Dio Reg.
YAS Record Series VolLX

1 Nov
Elizabeth, daughter of John Jowsey

21 Jun
Thomas, son of Thomas Jowsey

26 Jul
Sara, daughter of William Jowsey

12 Feb
Margerie, daughter of William Jowsey of Scugdale. (Is this Scugdale the ame place as the Skaifdaile of Wm Jowsey in the 1662 Hearth Tax records?)

16 May
Alice, daughter of John Jowsey

16 Apr
Thomas Jowsey. Folio 221 Cleveland.
Wills in Yks registry 1682-1688. YAS Record series Vol LXXXIX

17 Mar
William Jowsey to Elizabeth Rig. (Rigs a family of clockmakers.)

Yeoman Jowsey to Ann Lynas. YJ signed reg, AL made her mark.

David Jowsey, weaver, to Jane Thompson. Both made marks in register. (a DJ buried 23 June 1785)

9 Dec
John Jowsey to Rachael Seaton. Both made marks in register. There have been Seatons at Tocketts Mill in this present century, and a Mrs Seaton, an acquaintance, is a member of St Paulinus Ch. The Tockett family were firm recusants.

7 Nov
Elizabeth, daughter of David Jowsey

*v. baptism 1670 of Margerie, dr of Wm Jowsey of Scugdale

From ‘The Dalesman’ January 1963.
Catholic Seminary at Douai in Flanders.
JOHN Jowsey a Guyisborough currirer – recusant – fined and imprisoned. At Douai in 1646; “so poor that he worked as a servant in the town during his years of study and he returned via Holland in 1648, travelling in disguise because priests were executed if caught trying to enter England. He then assisted Fr. Postgate, who was born in Egton Bridge with his work from the north moorland coast as far inland as Pickering. We do not know what happened to him after that.”
Fr. Postgate executed at York 1679.
Andrew Jowsey arrested in mistake for John in 1678; “released when proved he was not a priest.”

(Trace Cockerill also in parish registers.)

Peter Linton of …. America
son of Mabel Hargreaves and ….
lived in Guisborough 1935-39….

…. came to see me on Tuesday 8 September 1987 @ 9.30 am accompanied by Myra Metcalfe, wife of John Hargreaves, who was the youngest son of John Hargreaves who worked for the Guisborough Urban District Council and drove the steam engine. Myra worked in the Co-op Drapery Dept and knew the Drapery Manager Mr Jemmison.

Also in the party Alex Faure, a writer who is gathering material as a back-up to ghost-writing Peter Linton’s autobiography.

I had produced a list of source material and they had two copies photocopies. They purchased nos. 2 and 3 on the list and were going to get a copy of Chapman’s Gazetteer of the Ironstone mines.

Promised to get photos of Northgate School and Howlbeck Mill Farm and also Northcote and Park Wood.

Rating Books 1935/39 Gill St
Picture of Dr Stainthorpe and John Close.

Alex Faure 3/2,354 Cumbernauld Rd, Glasgow G31 3NQ

Buried 21/3/1668

From Sessay Register (Thirsk). (Yks Par Reg Soc 1937) 1600-1812:
“Collected the 28th day of August 1664 for Henrie Lisle of Gisbrough the sum of 3s 8d.”

A collection in a London Church for a Gisbrough Woolen draper.
Notes by a member of the WEA Local History Group

As a follow-up to last moth’s notes on Thomas Proddy some information concerning Henry Lisle, a fellow churchwarden, may be of interest.
Henry Lisle’s name appears on the steeple-cup (dated 1640 and made at York). Furthermore he appears to have been a kinsman of Thomas Proddy, for one of his sisters had married a Proddy.
Our knowledge of Henry Lisle is derived from 2 sources.: (1) Church Briefs; (2) Hearth Tax Records.
There was a practice in the seventeenth century of issuing letters by Royal Warrant for the purpose of making collections in churches throughout the country. These were known as Church Briefs or King’s Letters. They were directed to the archbishops, bishops, clergymen, magistrates, churchwardens and overseers of the poor and licensed the pensioners to collect money for charitable purposes. It is interesting to note that there is a rubric in the Communion Service stating the place where these were to be read. The system appears to have been abused and as early as 1661 we find Samuel Pepys making a critical entry in his Diary:
“June 30 (Lord’s day. To church, where we observe the trade of briefs is come now up to so constant a course every Sunday, that we resolve to give no more to them.”
In the Terrington Church Registers we find the following:
“Gathered for Henry Lisle of Gisbrough Woolen Draper the 15th day of January 1664: his Losse by fire and shipwracke Amounting to the value of fower thousand thirty-fower pounds and upwards: the sum of fowerteen shillings ...”
A calamitous loss in terms of seventeenth century currency! Another entry in the records of S.Leonard’s Church, Streatham, states
“1665. June 25, Gisbrough, Yorks. Henry Lisle’s loss ... 7s 7d.
Undoubtedly there are many more entries in other church records.
Corroborative evidence of the social standing of our churchwarden appears in the Hearth Tax records of 1662. This was a tax of 2/- imposed on every hearth in all houses except cottages. In Gisbrough 166 persons paid tax on 312 hearths. Edward Chaloner, who had 14 hearths, is styled “Esq”. “Mr ffrederike Challoner of the same hath four ... Mr Henry Lysle hath eight ...” Only eight entries out of a total of 166 bear the prefix “Mr”. (Incidentally his fellow churchwarden Thomas Proddy paid tax on three hearths).
Finally we learn from his will that he had three sons and five daughters. The bulk of his estate went to his firstborn son Morris, and his other children received £150 each. A codicil to the will (dated 1668, the year of his death) states:
“... I give to my sisters Proddys children that is to say Thomas Proddy Oliver Proddy Elizabeth Proddy Nicholas Proddy and Jane Proddy to each of them twenty shillings ... and I give to my sister Elizabeth Proddy the sum of five pounds ... I give to my brother Will: Lisle five shillings ...”
From this it would seem that William had benefited during his brother’s lifetime!
To the three “supervisors” of his will he left “twenty shillings apeece to buy them rings withall”.

Also in 1663 (Sherriff Hutton Church): “Collected for William Mitler of Guisbrough for his losses by shipwreck the sum of three shillings and sixpence. 6th day of September 1663.”


1881 Census: John Lynas, 39, Cabinet Maker, 13 Thompson St. Born in Guisborough. Mary, his wife, 32. 1 son, 2 daughters. All born in Guisborough.
Lynas, Elizabeth. 12 yrs. Murdered by James Henry Clarkson, 19.
Sunday 27 Dec. 1903. Bennison St. Went to church with 2 girl friends. Had not returned by 10pm. Parted company 8-10pm. JHC a tailor’s apprentice. EL’s body found in field on or thereabouts present site of Police Station: northern end of Redcar Rd. First tragedy for 26 yrs. What happened in 1877?
North Eastern Daily Gazette 28/12/1903

A Lynas family or families occur in our Poor Law Papers in 1816, 1823, 1828.
Parish Regs Lynas family 1823, 1826/7, 1830

Maddison, Thomas, 32, unmarried, ironstone miner, lodging on S side of Westgate. Born at Gloucester (Bristol). A forbear of Johnny M (photographer)?
(1861 Census)

MASON, William. d. 8.1.1832, aged 26. Buried Whorlton churchyard. Ord (p 451): “William Mason was an inhabitant of Gisborough, educated at Edinburgh as a physician and afterwards became an undergraduate at Cambridge. He was a man of great poetical ability, of remarkable powers in conversation and argument, a sound theologian, subtle metaphysician and acute wit, the cynosure of society, the flower of scholars, and the ornament of his college. His genius was powerful, strong, and almost universal; his heart generous and sympathising. He was, in truth, one of the noblest and most eloquent of mankind. If he had errors, they belonged to the heart and the imagination: let his peaceful grave be among the lonely hills of Swainby, he their mute chronicler.”
Did JWO know WM intimately – at Guis? at Edinburgh?
Mason’s works? Darrell Buttery Jnr has a copy.

Metcalfe, Theophilus

– vide John Walker Ord – “born in Throstle’s Nest off Church Square.
Any connection with John Thrush of - ?
A tradition that Theo was Gov Gen of India.
Check registers and history books.
See 10/7 Black Diary 1982 under Parish Registers re “Registr taken by J Thrash” (1653-1661)

Monday Minikin

Parish reg. Marriage 1776. MM and Sarah Havelock, both illiterate.
1777 – 8 Jan. Par. Reg. – Dorothy, daughter of Munday Minikin, labourer, baptised

Highway Surveyor’s a/cs. 10 Nov 1829 – John Minnikin a pair of shoes 10/6d
1831 – Minnikin’s shoes 11/-
1832 – John Minikin for Warning in carts 1/-
1833 – Minikin’s shoes 11/-
1829 – Wm Johnson for a pair of strong ironed shoes for Minnikin 12/-
18?8 – For Minnikin a pr of shoes for Journey

Parson Crabbe’s Poems, 18 cent. His Parish Register
Richard Monday a foundling. Given his name by members of Select Vestry – none there with name of Richard.
At last with all their works and words content
Back to their homes the prudent vestry went,
And Richard Monday to the workhouse sent.

Burial (Par. Reg.): 8 Feb 1900. Louisa Grace Morgan. The Rectory. Years 78.
Was this when “Rattler Morgan” decided to relinquish the Living?

Thomas Naldby was paid 6s.6.d. ‘for half of a guid poast at Tuckets in 1781’. A photo of this post. Until the autumn of 1983 it stood at the cemetery corner, the junction of the road to Kirkleatham and Redcar and the road leading to Skelton Ellers. The old way to Skelton Ellers was replaced by a new road and a roundabout. The stone now stands on the south side verge, opposite the cemetery. One side used to display the cut lettering ‘Tockit East’ and the other side Kirkleatham, which in effect meant the residence of the Turner family.


6th Dec 1940 “Miss Oliver objected to the vacant land in Hollymead Drive being used for the erection of 2 air-raid shelters.”

Also her brother’s exploitation of their land at the end of Reid Terrace where they sold land on which a bus garage* was erected in full view on the end of a terrace of comparatively new houses in Hollymead Drive – which ironically was the name of their house fronting Westgate.

*UDC were going to consider demolition but the brother did temp. repairs on the grounds that it had been used as a garage.

The Page Family of Guisborough, Yorkshire

Hearth Tax Return
Rob. Paige
Widdow Margrett Page

Hearth Tax Return
Rob. Paige

1713 to 1722
Parish Registers (burials and baptisms)
Rob. Paige (farmer)
William Page (chandler)
(Rob. Paige also given as yeoman and farmer)

Baines’ History and Directory of Yks.
William Page at the Anchor Inn, Belmangate

White’s Directory of Yorkshire
William Page at the Anchor Inn, Belmangate

Post Office Directory
William Page at the Seven Stars, described as a currier. In the 1861 Census return this is called “Page’s Corner”

Census Return
Martha Page, widow, 50 years old, a charwoman, living in Belmangate with
William Page, her married son, aged 28, a currier’s assistant,
Jane Page, his wife, aged 21,
Sarah Page, their daughter, 1 year, and
John Page, a 74 year old bachelor given as an agricultural labourer.

Martha was born at Hutton Rudby. William at Guisborough
Jane at Chapel Town, Leeds. Sarah at Guisborough. John Page at Guisborough.

There is a minute book of the Guisborough Mutual Improvement Society covering the years 1848-1861 and one George Page served as secretary and treasurer over a number of years. This society comprised shop-keepers and professional men and held debates on interesting subjects.

In the “Guisbro’ & Saltburn Herald” for the years 1887-88 there was an advt:
G. Page, Junr., 4 Chaloner St. Practical Watch and Clockmaker.
(Jubilee Medals with Old Abbey on reverse).

3 gravestones in Guis. Churchyard 1975.

1976 Northallerton Archives – Chaloner a/c books.
Pages apparently in the employ of Wm Chaloner.
1772 – “By cash Pd Wm Page for half a Years Waiges £11.14.0.”
1773 – “A payment to W.P. of £18.6.4 and mention of Late Willm. Page cooper”
1774 – A Wm Page paid £9 for half a Years Wages. (same sum paid in 1776)
1774 – Jane Page pd. 8/-
1798 – “Thomas Page set(t)ing stoops (posts) in Tocketts Laith 10/6”

This photograph of Mrs Page was taken by her husband Mr George Page in their sitting room at 34 Westgate. Mr Page was one of several shrewd shopkeepers who used a national event – such as the Coronation of Edward VII in 1902 – to display their loyalty and advertise their goods. Inside his shop he had another gimmick – a parrot, a popular feature for many of his customers.

His private and commercial enthusiasm for photography has preserved for us a record of local events and of buildings and scenes which have vanished for ever.

From the window above his shop he had a vantage point to get pictures of processions and of the Fair when it was held in Westgate. The old folk in the passage were occupants of cottages in the yard at the rear (9 August 1902).

Wednesday, 25 November 2009

Family names A to E

1823 – Par. Reg. S Nicholas – Baptism, Margaret, daughter of Henry and Mary Baliol, Comedian.
The Book of Common Prayer, and Holy Bible, OUP 1844.

Harriet & Robert Bradbury’s copy, the Gift of Philip, late Lord Wharton, 1844
See Post entitled ENVIRONS dated 28.10.2009 for illustrations of embossed front cover, endpapers and flyleaf.

In 1881 Census at 29 Church Street, age 30 years. Master tailor employing 2 men and 2 boys. Born in Durham. (Bulchar ?)
see Bramley window

1841 census:
Thomas Bulmer, 40, tinner and brazier. John, 15, app. tinner. Thomas, 10

family, deeds

No. ? Westgate.
WDB saw these by courtesy of Mrs Buttery, living above “Chocolate Box” (Tenant: Mrs Armstrong) and another shop alongside (No. ? Westgate, tenant Arthur Gray—cycles and prams; sold and empty 1975; later the site of Hintons supermarket.
Deeds registered at Northallerton 30 Dec 1778.
“Towards the east by a lane or way leading from and out of the said street (Westgate) to a stable in the possession of Wm Leigh Williamson” (the parson). Back of Mermaid (now Tap and Barrel) inn?
1778 – Samuel Corney, butcher and farmer
1806 – Mr Robt Johnston (he bought it in 1805 for £270)
1823 – Philip Heselton the elder, Joseph Heselton, John Barr, John Grey
1865 – RichaRD Ord (owner of tanyard behind)
1895 – Charles Ovington Ord (son of Richard),
Bewick, a draper

Robert Braid Carnegie, born in Middlesbrough 1931.
Robert Braid Carnegie, his father. Born 1900 in Hebburn. 1900-1978.
James Milne Carnegie, grandfather, born 1870. Died 1903. 199 Cuthbert Street, Hebburn, Tyne and Wear.

1841 census:
Robert Chapman, 30, surgeon. Marianne 30. N side of Westgate
Charles Ovington Ord (got his will) buried in lead coffin. A character. A barrister. Did not practise. Left s estate to Poynters &c, &c (Executor Mr Trevor). Had he Richard Ord’s Diary (see newspaper: Made Benny Beeton drunk and sent him over the road to the Chemist Fairburn. Staggered into shop and pulled down iron stove-pipe.Also the road-sweeper who was given a “strong” doctored drink by Charles Ovington Ord. Sweeper’s mate took him home in a barrow
Stone from old tanyard “slid into place” over Plantin Beck (Bakehouse Square).
CO Ord and Barney Buckworth. Crowd at door. Soot bags. CO pulled out his yellow handkerchief (Liberal) and saved himself.
The above from Ernie Pattison, plumber, Bakehouse Square. 1 May 1960. (E Pattison’s Grandfather (Wright) had foot blown off Gunpowder Plot Night.)

Friday 16 May 1980. Invited by Mr Gordon Curry (purchaser of West Garth, former home of the Charltons) to see house and exchange information. Mr Curry told me that under the floorboards of an upstairs room he found a pack of playing cards and a set of small bone dominoes. Also that in an outbuilding there was a stack of broken pottery etc, each item wrapped in a piece of paper with description of he piece. He said there was a real pile. Now he is jubilant that with modern glue he has reassembled them and intends to display hem in the house when he has completed preservation of some features and made some alterations and additions. Indications of original dwelling are blocked-up doorways. The east end obviously tacked on as an office for Mr Charlton. The original eastern end of house plain to see now that he has removed a cupboard and a safe to the right of the fireplace. These he says he will replace. In the hall he has a plan on the wall – past/present/future. A happy man – “doing the work himself”. In the doorway leading to the garden at the back a glass panel window with two inscribed autographs – one “Thomas Wilson June (July) 1820” and another piece (upper right) indecipherable. Looks light (sic) part of a panel. Bull’s eye blown glass. Original? Or put there by the Charltons?
Wilson the clockmaker?

“Willie Charlton”
Mr William Charlton of the West Garth (N side of Westgate) Manager of Spawood Mine. Born 6.3.1852. Died 13.3.1929. Married 1880 (in London?)

Whitby Gazette 14.2.1880. Soup kitchen Guisbro’. Exertions of Capt Lynas. Applications down 240 to 180.

Slapewath Mine owned by Charlton Bros? Went bankrupt. Whitby Gazette 14.2.1880. Auction sale in early part of 1880. Purchased by Samuelsons of Newport Iron Works. Mr Charlton became Manager at Spawood. CHECK THIS! One octogenarian told me in the 1960s that “Willie Charlton was the best mining engineer in Cleveland”. Sometimes called “Ratchet Willie” after he introduced a new ratchet drill in the mines. Result a strike? His wife (neé Bartlett) gave an alms dish to the Parish Church. “To the Glory of God and in loving memory of William Edward Bartlett of the City of London, Freeman. This alms dish is presented by his daughter Frances Elizabeth Charlton of the Parish Church of St Nicholas, Guisborough. June 29th 1910.”
Did she disown her mother? Why not mentioned?
Remember going to West Garth to obtain official sanction to leave school in 1916 when I as 13! A magistrate or a school governor? Understandingly her background and status made her an intimidating Body! (WDB)

1841 census:
Henry Clarke, 55, solicitor. Female Servant 25, Female Servant 25. Male servant 15
Henry Clarke at Longhull
1881 census:
JW Clarke, Land Agent, of Kemplah House, age 39. Wife Marjorie age 24. Born Cambo, N’umberland. Did they part?

Gifts to servants. Per Roger Darnton (Asked him for source)

Mr. John William Clarke of Guisborough, Yks., Land Agent, for some years Hon.Sec. of the Cleveland Hunt and a strong supporter of local shows with hunters, who died on 26 Feb. 191? 1eft £9,976, l0s net personally being £6,225 ls7d. £150 to Brother, Rev.Arthur Dawson Clarke, £100 to his groom Robert Buxton, £25 each to his clerks William Dixon Darnton and Charles Henry Fordham, £50 in trust for his cook Mabel Stephenson and his man-servant Oliver Buxton and the residue of the property in trust for Loftus Gwynn Leslie Pencocke.Check Par. Reg. for date of death/burial/age

Thomas Corney. Obit. Notice Methodist Magazine 1808
(info. from Bob Porritt)

Henry Cross, 35, teacher. Margaret 30. Mary 10. Johanna 7. Elizabeth 5. Emily 4 months.
(13 houses in Patten lane)
1841 census

To Mr RB Snowdon, 207 Hardhorn Lane, Poullton-le-Fylde, Blackpool FY6 8DW:

HENRY CROSS, born at Langtoft 1806 (parents Mark and Ann) Mark died at Ebberston 1818. Gd.parents John, a shepherd and Elizabeth Cross who had one child Mark, born at Kilham. A tradition that Henry Cross had a limp. HC married at Ebberston 1930. Moved to Guisborough 1835-6, had a school in Patten Lane. In 1841 Rate book was tenant of a house there and school was round the corner i Church St. (in 1837 schoolroom ‘empty’). Note: cholera 1836. Deaths of Parson Thomas Pym Williamson and his son William Leigh Williamson. In June 1848 Henry Wrightson (resident in Westgate) rented the schoolroom.

1841 Census: Henry Cross, 35, teacher, Margaret, wife, 30, Mary 10, Emily Margaret* 4 mos., baptised S. Nicholas 6/3/41.
Priscilla Frances bapt. 5 Aug. 1838 at S. Nicholas. Buried 19 Nov 1839.
NOTE: another Priscilla Frances bapt 19 Nov 1843. Died 14 May 1850 at 29 Hollis St, Leeds. HC ‘surveyor’. Also on Burgess Roll 1849, same address; one of 6 on roll, out of abt 40 hses. Directory for 1847 (White) HC ‘civil engineer’. For 1849-50 ‘engineer’ (Charlton & Archdeacon Dir.) at 10 Burley Terrace, Leeds.

Henry Cross applied for the vacancy of Master at the Grammar School in 1843 (a joint foundation almshouse and school ‘Jesus Hospital’). He sent letters of application to 2 wardens: Thomas Simpson and JR Lee. A letter to a fellow warden suggests delaying tactics, ‘If we can keep it open until it becomes your turn to appoint ... Mr Cross is ineligible, being married’.
(See Guisborough Before 1900, p 147).

Another applicant, Henry Watson, stated (18 Oct 1843) ‘I am at present teaching a school in Guisborough, but previous to my establishment here have followed the occupation of an assistant in different respectable boarding schools. As my situation in Guisborough is by no means lucrative, being a stranger in this part of the country, and being place in opposition to Mr Cross, who has been brought to the place, and is therefore supported by the inhabitants, it will not be superfluous to observe that I would not object to a yearly engagement, should such be permitted by the rules of the school’. (Guisborough Grammar School Archives – now Prior Pursglove Sixth Form College).

In 1837 Henry Cross was appointed as ‘Assistant Overseer’. The yearly salary was £4 and the duties ‘ ... to keep all the accounts relating to the poor rates, make out jury lists and lists of Voters’. Salary increased in 1848 to £7/10/-. Did Henry Cross then leave Guisborough?

Henry Cross compiled maps for John Walker Ord’s History of Cleveland, published in 1846, and a map of Whitby is attributed to him.

In 1841 (6 June) he was the enumerator for the Census District No. 4, covering 17 farms in all, one of which was Long Hull, the old farmhouse residence of the Chaloners, where the Rev. Henry Clarke, parson of the parish, was residing.
In the list of Subscribers for Ord’s History one John Cross of 30 Rood Lane, London, is included. Mr RB Snowdon has not been able to obtain any information on John Cross.
(See letter – 10 Oct 1986, below)

The photo of HC (vide Mr Snowdon) was the work of ‘J Inskip, the Cliff, Scarborough, c. 1865-75. So likeness could be 59 to 68 yrs,

Gravestone in Ebberston Churchyard: ‘I Loving Memory of / Henry Cross / who died May 15th, 1874 / Aged 68 Years. / Also of Margaret his wife / who died March 3rd, 1884 / Aged 75 Years.

Query vide Mr Snowdon: Mother of Henry Cross; 1851 Census Return for Stokesley. Granddaughter registered, Ann Parkin Cross, 6 yrs.
Par. Regs: Stokesley: Ann, daughter of Ann Illeg.? Poor Law/Guardians Papers?

HC’s schoolmaster at Ebberston also a bookbinder. W Clifford.

1851 Census: Henry Cross had returned to Ebberston – ‘schoolmaster there for 20 years or so’. 1857 Directory: ‘schoolmaster and postmaster’. 1872 Dir. ‘Post Office Receiver’.

Whist he was at Guisborough he was apparently C of E having three of his daughters baptised there. Was he ‘brought to the place’ by Parson Thomas Pym Williamson or his son? (see above)

Mr Snowdon has unearthed a strong family connection with the Wesleyan Methodist Church. (So far I have not found that he was attached to Wes. Ch. in Guisborough). By 1850 Henry Cross’s daughter Mary was trained as a teacher at Glasgow Normal Seminary on behalf of the Wes. Com’tee of Educ’n, who sent her to Oldham, establishing Mr Snowdon’s ‘unbroken links with Lancashire...I cannot believe Mary would have been accepted if her father also had not been a Wes. Methodist.’

Ebberston Wesleyan Chapel: HC’s bro-in-law (husband of HC’s wife’s sister) was an existing trustee. New Trust formed 1867, one of the newly-appointed trustees. Trust first created 1811, an uncle of Henry’s wife was one of the trustees, but not her father.

Letter of 24 Oct, 1985 from Mr Snowdon: He visited his ‘sixth cousin’ at Helmsley, Mr Thorpe. Learned that school building at Ebberston had recently been sold. Had not been used as a school since 1874, the year of Henry’s death, when the new school was built. A village conflict – church v chapel? Conservatives v Liberals? Any information at Northallerton Archives on Ebberston?

Letter of 15 Feb, 1987:
“Dear Mr Brelstaff,
Just a further word on the history of Henry Cross. You may remember that you established that he moved from Ebberston to Guisborough by invitation from some person or persons unknown. I did wonder whether this might have been through Thomas Simpson, the lord of the manor at Nunthorpe as the vicar of Ebberston at the same time was Rev Thomas Simpson. However I thin I told you in my last letter this appeared to be unlikely as I had seen the wills of both parties and there was no hint of any connection. Rev. Thomas Simpson was a bachelor and his executors and beneficiaries of his will were his housekeeper and the Vicar of Thornton Dale.
I thin that was the position when I last wrote to you. I subsequently found that when Rev. Thomas Simpson died in 1836 he had been vicar of Ebberston for 26 years but that he had not signed the Register until 1825. In other words he had presumably been an absentee vicar for the first 15 years.
On a recent visit to York I was looking up something else in the Institution Act Books which record all appointments of vicars etc. Purely by chance I noted that a Rev. Thomas Simpson (the same man?) was appointed Vicar (or Curate?) of Kirkleatham in 1802. In view of the proximity of Kirkleatham to Guisborough I wondered whether there could have been a connection.
These books were quite interesting. At one time I thought that all C of E vicars had to have university degrees. However this books shows that this was not so. The qualification was shown against each name. Only about 25% had degrees. Somewhat meagre qualifications!!
This letter is just for interest. Do not trouble to reply, please, unless yo have a specific point.
With kindest regards to you and your wife, Yours sincerely, R.B. Snowdon.”
(Check at Kirkleatham Par. reg. VCH.)

Guisborough Co-op. Soc. 1876. Henry Cross, a committee member. One of 7 committee men who signed an amendment of Rules.

‘Cross Street’ – off Cleveland Street
Horse and Cart, in the station yard

Wm Damby, a widower, married Sarah Etherington, spinster, 27 November 1727.
1789 Deodatus Danby (barber) buried (see Ralph Ward’s Diary for contraction of name).
Danby table-tomb in churchyard – Wm Danby 1897, aged 90 (saw this in 1975)
Danby family gift of candelabra in the chancel
A tradition that on S side of Market Place a site called Danby’s Plain (v. Wilf Walker’s father). S side of Market Place, see old map. A single house there? No! map only concerned with estate property and not with freeholds.

1841 Census
Thomas Darnton, 20, Eliza Darnton, 15, Butcher, dwelling S side of Westgate
Margaret Darnton, 15, one of 3 female servants working at Longhull for Rev. Henry Clarke and his wife Catherine and son Henry 3 months old. One of the 3 servants Isabella Merrington. 1 male servant, 15.
Wm Darnton, 45, Jane Darnton, 15. Butcher, Church St. (after Hodgson’s the Printers)
Jane Miriam, born 7 Feb 1850, daughter of Thomas and Eliza Darnton, baptised in Wesleyan Chapel, Guisborough, 28 March 1850. Minister Henry Graham.
(R/M/RSG/3/1/1-3) Middlesbrough-Cleveland County Archives dept) 1840-1940.
see also Law and Order, Constables' disbursements

(any mention in Ralph Ward?)
William agent to the Chaloners. A memorial in Ripon Minster. b 1753, d 12.1.1812, aged 60 years See John Walker Ord’s footnote on p215 of ‘History of Cleveland’, re WD’s involvement in late 18c restoration of Parish Church.

1861 Census
THOMAS EASTON, 67, Woodman, born Guisborough.
Hannah, his wife, 64, born in Skelton.
Robert, 32, Agricultural Labourer, born Guisbro’.
Resident in Belmangate.
1881 Census – no corresponding entry

1861 Census
THOMAS EASTON, 40, Agricultural Labourer, born Guisborough.
Sarah his wife, 28, born in Westerdale.
Thomas, 8, scholar, born in Guisborough.
John, 6, scholar, born Guisborough.
Catherine, 1 yr, born in Guisborough.
Resident in Cleveland Place, Belmangate.
1881 Census
Thomas, now 60.
Sarah trecorded as 50.
Elizabeth 2, General Dom. Servant.
William 13 scholar
Jane 11 scholar
George 8 scholar
Margaret 6 scholar
Laura 11 months (grand-daughter)
All offspring born in Guisborough
Resident at 155 Westgate

1861 Census
ROBERT EASTON, 55 Master Tailor
Jane, his wife 57
William 28 Tailor
Robert 16 Driver at ironstone mines
George 12 scholar. Also
Eliza Parkinson, grand-daughter 11 yrs
All the family born in Guisboro’
Resident in Northoutgate
1881 Census
A George Easton, 32, a boarder at 37 Union Street. Ironstone Miner

1861 Census
JOHN EASTON, 30, Groom, born in Guisborough
Ann his wife, 30, born Middleton-in-Teesdale
Thomas, 16, a scholar
Ann 5
John 2.
All three born in Guisborough
Resident in Church Street
1881 Census
Ann Easton, now a widow, age given as 47, a Laundress, born at Middleton-n-Teesdale
Thomas, 26, General Labourer
John, Ironstone Miner, 22.
Resident 81 Chuirch Street.

1861 Census
JOHN EASTON, 24, Ironstone Miner, born in Norfolk (place illegible), lodging in Cleveland Street.

GEORGE EASTON, 23, Ironstone miner, born in Guisborough.
Mary, his wife, 21, born at Nunthorpe.
George LJ, 3 months, born Guisborough.
Jane Ingledew, mother-in-law, 66, born Moorsholm.
Resident in Belmangate.
1881 Census
Now 43. Ironstone Mines Deputy.
Mary his wife a dressmaker, born Nunthorpe. Now 41
Charles H 12, a scholar;
George, 9, a scholar;
Ada L, 6, a scholar;
Emma J, 4, a scholar:
all four born Guisboroughj.
Resident 94 Belmangate

JOHN EASTON, 26 General Labourer. Born Guisborough.
Mary A his wife, born Claydon, Suffolk. Katie 3,
Annie M 1 yr.
Both born Guisboro’.
Resident at 157 Westgate.

ROBERT EASTON, 41, Ironstone Miner, born Guisborough.
Sarah A, 37, born in Halifax.
Margaret H 17, General Domestic Servant.
William H 16, Plumber’s Apprentice.
Elizabeth E 12, scholar.
Robert M 11 yrs, scholar.
Sarah A 7, scholar.
Harold W 4, a scholar.
Resident at 23 Bennison Street.

MARGARET EASTON, born in Guisborough, domestic servant, age illegible, living with brother-in-law John W Johnson, 29, unemployed blacksmith, born at Lincoln Wood, Enderby, resident at Mason’s Arms, Stump Cross.

Bulmer’s 1890 Directory of N & E Ridings of Yorks:
1890—Mrs Sarah Easton, a carter or carrier, living at 44 Fountain Street, Guisborough

STEPHEN EASTON, 46, Iron Miner.
Margaret his wife, 45.
John, 19, Ironsone Miner.
Stephen, 11, scholar.
Kate 4.
All born in Guisborough.
Resident at 2 Robin’s Barn.

ROBERT EASTON, 37, Ironstone Miner, born Guisbro’
Hannah his wife, 36, born in Stockton, Durham
Catherine, 13, born in Middlesbrough.
William, scholar, 7.
Jane 5, scholar.
Margaret, 3.
Mary E, 1 year.
All 4 born in Guisborough.

MARY E EASTON, 15, born in Guisborough, a domestic servant in household of John Baines, Flour etc dealer, at 10 Westgate Road

From Danby Parish Registers. These are printed – 1585 to 1812.
Guisborough Branch Ref. Library

1768, 7th August
Baptism of Betty, daughter of Ralph Easton of Guisborough

1794, 28th November
Marriage of Thomas Dowson of Danby and Ann Easton of Guisborough.
By Licence. Ceremony by D Duck.

1861 Census—a coincidence!
Both Jane and Mary were born at Goldsborough on the east coast.
Jane Easton, 12, nurse in the family of John and Dorothy Harrison at the Cock Hotel, Market Place, Guisborough.
Mary Easton, 19, general servant, in household of William Robinson, a tailor, also in the Market Place

Tutor’s notes, typed:
JONATHAN ATKINSON of Glaisdale is described in Bulmer’s 1890 Directory of N & E Ridings of Yorks. As “School Attendance Officer, Parish Clerk and Newsagent, Glaisdale End”
The other Jonathan given by you is presumably his son.
You will have to follow up your research at the County Record Office at County Hall, Northallerton, going through the Parish Registers, and also the 1881 Census.
Re WILLIAM CORDEY: I suggest you consult the Eston Parish Registers at the Cleveland County Record Office in Middlesbrough, also the 1861 and 1871, 1881 Census Returns there.

WDB, handwritten: The above relates to a friend of Mr. Easton.

JAMES EDWARD EASTON, Guisborough, Born 1886. Died 1940.
ALICE MARY BLOWMAN. Born 1889. Died 1979.
Marriage 1913, St Nicholas Church, Guisborough.
Nora Mary Easton, born 22 Nov 1915
James Edward Easton, 18 Feb 1917. Died 1933.
Wm Claude Easton, born 14 March, 1919
Robert Allen, born 9 July, 1925

James Easton, father, born in Guisborough, had two brothers – Robert and William, and three sisters, Pop, Meg and Ginny.
James worked at Guisborough Foundry.

Alice Mary Blowman, mother, born in Hull and lived in Beverley, Pickering, Whitby and Scarborough. Had three brothers – Scott, Alfred and Eric. Owned Marlborough Hotel, Scarborough

Sunday, 15 November 2009

The Pease Family & Hutton

Sir JW Pease of Hutton Hall.
An inheritance destroyed
by Brian Redhead (D&S Times, no date)
The Pease family dynasty which once virtually ruled the industrial and commercial life of this part of the world produced as much boardroom drama and strife as anything you will see in a Hollywood soap opera.
Probably more because, while Dallas and Dynasty represent a glossed-over and idealised version of business life, I suspect it would have been fascinating to be a fly on the wall while the multifarious members of the Pease clan were engaged in the cut and thrust of 19th Century industry, finance and politics.
The stern statue of Joseph Pease, which has looked out over the junction of High Row, Northgate and Bondgate in Darlington for more than a century is a reminder of the part played by the Quaker family in such diverse fields as railway promotion and locomotive building, coal and ironstone mining, limestone quarrying, iron founding, woollen textiles, urban development and banking.
Peases also played vital roles in local politics and in maintaining the supremacy of North-East Liberals in Parliament.
In his book, Men of Business and Politics (George Allen & Unwin, £15), Dr Maurice Kirby, a former Darlington man now a lecturer in economic history at Stirling University, traces the family back to 1665, with the birth of Joseph Pease, a descendant of Essex landowners who settled in South Yorkshire.
The Pease connection with Darlington began when Joseph’s second son, Edward, married a girl from County Durham at the Raby Meeting House and entered the Darlington wool-combing business of his uncle in 1774.
The range of the book can be gauged from an index that lists no fewer than 48 different Peases. Some less influential Peases merit only a reference here and there. Others, notably Joseph, Henry and Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease, layed decisive parts in the moulding of contemporary industrial life through the Stockton and Darlington Railway, Middlesbrough Docks and expansion of the iron industry.
It is the least-known episodes which give the Pease story elements of dramatic tragedy. Dr Kirby points out that few people have ever heard of the “Portsmouth affair” involving the complicated financial arrangements of Sir Joseph’s ward, the former Beatrice Pease.
Beatrice married the Earl of Portsmouth and the “affair” rested on the estate of her late father, Edward Pease, who had left her “a substantial fortune”. Litigation ensued and in 1900 Sir Joseph – “a tired old man harassed by solicitors” – found his reputation for honour and integrity impugned in the High Court.
Mr Kirby says Sir Joseph allowed personal prejudices and petty animosities to cloud his judgement in the Portsmouth business, but worse was to follow with the collapse in 1902 of the family bank.
Here, too, Sir Joseph’s handling of delicate matters could be questioned, but the bank failure had shattering consequences. It brought Sir Joseph to the brink of bankruptcy, ruined his reputation – he had to relinquish a number of public posts – and destroyed the inheritance of his sons, Alfred and Jack.
This, together with the waning of political influence and the decline of old-style Quakerism, was the beginning of the end for the Pease dynasty, which effectively closed with Jack’s death in 1943.
The book receives the blessing of Sir Alfred’s son, J. Gurney Pease, in a foreword: “From a family point of view the controversy surrounding the final stages of the saga has been fully, independently and authoritatively put straight.
Here, surely, is a television documentary on our doorstep.

Pease, Sir AE

“Elections and Recollections”, Murray, 1932.

MP for York City 1885-1892.
MP for Cleveland 1897-1902. Unopp 1900. Resigned 1902 fortunes ruined.
Admin post Transvaal 1902-7.

“From the age of twenty-two I often had to deal with offenders in my smoking-room. These untried persons were usually led by a chain, and handcuffed, along three miles of road to my house. This administration of justice in private appeared to me scandalous, and I rejoiced when it was abolished and the Summary Jurisdiction Act was passed...” p 8. “One change, I suppose made in the pursuit of the fetish of popular election, I think was regrettable, for formerly all justices were ex-officio Guardians of the Poor, and among them were found the most enlightened administrators of the Poor Law. There was a distinct advantage in Justices being familiar with the practical application of the Poor Law, and in direct contact with the poorest class of the community.” cf WLWilliamson. Good anecdotes re Quakers. pp 23 & 24. re pirate: “Friend, it is against my principles to kill thee, but I will hold thy head under water until it shall please the Lord to take thy life”.
Thomas Parrington, 1818, lunched with author when P was 93 and drank all but one glass of 1840 port. Rule for 30 years to drink a bottle of port after dinner every day of his life. (Norman Moorsom, Middlesbrough, published a booklet on Thomas Parrington.)
Resident magistrate at £1000 pa. S.Africa – AEP.
1882: no contest since 1868. North Riding – Cleveland?
p 62: “on the polling day I note that the old order of things was dying. Even in Guisborough it was evident that many were voting without orders or ‘even against orders’! I asked one tradesman why he had not voted ‘yellow’ as usual, and he replied with tears rolling down his cheeks, ‘that Mrs ---- had sent him word that if he voted at all she would withdraw her custom, and she was by far his best customer.’ I have never understood this kind of cruelty, but it existed before the Irish brought it under the name of ‘boycotting’ to an infernal system. In Guisborough that day a mob, mostly in our colours and chiefly ironstone miners of the district, had possession of the town, and it is the last occasion on which I have seen rotten eggs used in the old copious fashion, with yellow ochre, “blue-bags”, sods and soot showered on the blues, and especially on the turn-coats, and it was late before any kind of order was restored. I record that Admiral Chaloner, Robert Yeoman, Johnny Rudd of Tolesby Hall, and I sat as Justices to deal with the arrested rioters, but went no farther than to inform them that they ‘might have got eighteen months and been fined £100,’ and we solemnly pronounced the affair ‘a disgrace to the town’. This leniency was perhaps the natural result of the satisfaction of my colleagues with Guy Dawnay’s victory, but a ‘good row’ on polling days was then the usual thing. We know out of 590 voters on the register, 40 were dead or abroad, 386 voted for Rowlandson and 113 for Dawnay. Overall result: Dawnay 8135, Rowlandson 7749. Maj. 386. The Liberals thought this a sad change from 1868 when they boasted that there were only three Tories in Guisborough. I am tempted here to refer to two of the Justices I have just mentioned, who illustrate the old order of things. John Bartholomew Rudd was the last survivor of an old Cleveland family, lived outside our Petty Sessional Division and was a peculiar character. He used occasionally to invade our Bench, and by right of seniority turn Admiral Chaloner out of the Chair, much to the annoyance of the Admiral. Johnny Rudd at these times arrived in Volunteer uniform wearing a big busby and horn-rimmed spectacles, carrying an umbrella, and with his market basket on his arm, for he did his own housekeeping. The Admiral, who wore ‘pepper and salt’ clothes and a high hat, in summer a white one, was an excellent Chairman, and administered pure justice with a considerable amount of language of the quarter-deck. If the Clerk ventured to question the strict legality of his proceedings, he would retort, ‘I am here, sir, to administer Justice, and by God I shall do it’. In those days it was extremely difficult, such was the law, to avoid sending young persons to prison. The Admiral generally managed to dispense justice by dispensing with inconvenient laws. He would in some cases insist on a whipping, and to get over the defect in the law which prevented such a sentence, would send for the father of the culprit, and call on the parent in alarming language to request that the offender might be whipped. Having secured this the father and son were ordered off to the police station for the execution of the sentence. There were two other regular attenders at the court, one the old and kindly Archdeacon of Cleveland, Henry Yeoman, of Marske Hall. He acquiesced in all punishments with great reluctance, and often defeated our intentions by paying the fines of the poorer offenders. His brother, Robert Yeoman, gave such close conscientious and exhausting attention to every case that he required the following day in bed, if our proceedings were protracted, or a difficult problem presented itself.

Temperance (p 82/83)

MP for York. “experience as members in a modern urban community – bazaars, banquets, assize breakfasts, and curious political meetings in each ward of the city.”
AEP asked to preside at Rechabite bazaar. did not know what Rechabites were. Minister and prayer, introduce AEP and ask him to read out first verse of hymn. “I will not touch the drunkard’s drink”. Whispered to Minister, I should like you to give out the hymn. Why? Because I am not a teetotallrer. Minister shocked beyond words. Are you not an abstainer? No. Then why are you here? Before I had gone round to make purchases (?) all the Rechabites knew that I was a fraud and that I drank the drunkard’s drink, and by their attitude towards me I knew that I had lost about 100 votes. The Minister, with gravity and pain depicted on his face, escorted me to the door in silence.

Pease Sir Joseph Whitwell, Bart. MP

D.1903. Buried 23 June.
Get obit notice.
Mansion. Exotic fruits. A show place. Visiting MPs.
Fathered Workingmen’s Club in 73 Westgate (now 1983 Co-op)
Downfall- financial. Custody of a ward?

Basque Refugees at Hutton Hall
Darlington & Stockton Times 1 Sept 1979

“During the Spanish Civil War the Hall was used to house Basque refugee children and then it was taken over by the Army for the duration of the 1939-45 War ...”

New Housing Estate
from ICI magazine August 1957

From a hill top overlooking Guisborough, a Wilton News photographer took this bird's eye view of a section of the Cleveland landscape that has a special significance for employees of the Company working at Wilton.
The lovely rolling country seen here as one looks towards the sea is already in the process of transformation and the huge triangle of land in the centre of the picture is being developed by Guisborough Urban District Council as an estate of nearly 400 houses.
As reported recently, GUDC has accepted ICI’s offer of financial assistance in the building of houses for essential workers and a considerable number of Wilton employees will be found homes in these very pleasant surroundings.
The Council hopes as far as is reasonably possible to allocate 100 houses a year to the Company. Already site preparation is well under way and most of the drainage has been completed. Building is to start very soon.

Hospital of S. Leonard, Lowcross

From the account given in Vol 3 of The Victoria County History (County of York) p 314, it appears that this leper hospital may have moved away from its original site. There are 60 deeds in the Guisborough Chartulary anterior to 1250. Richard, son of Hugh de Hotona, confirmed to the lepers of Lowcross 2 acres in Hutton where the hospital anciently stood, and John “dominus de Hoton” remitted to the prior and convent of Guisborough his right of nominating a leper to the hospital. Was the original site at Hutton? Other charters give “Hotonam” (Hutton). Hospital of S. Leonard “quod est inter Hotonam et Bernaldby”. A removal? Then known as Lowcross, between Hutton and Barnaby. 1218-1234 the neighbouring hospital of Upsall was suppressed. Most of its lands transferred to Hospital of Lowcross. A difficulty presented by identification on the O.S. map at Hutton and not at Lowcross of a site marked Lepers’ Hospital. The historian Graves (1808) wrote of Hutton: “A part of the buildings which stood in a solitary situation, shut in by rising grounds overhung with deep and solemn woods, has been converted into a farmhouse with stables and out-offices, in which some mutilated arches of doors and windows were remaining...” Obvious that he refers to site marked on O.S. map. Possibly the original site. Two charters: Hospital of the Sick Men of Bernaldby had a cemetery attached. Elsewhere called Hospital of the Sick Persons of S. Leonard of the parish of S. Mary of Guisborough: inmates of both sexes. Fairly well endowed. A church at hospital. Governed by a master till given to Guisborough Priory by William of Bernaldby whose gift was confirmed by Peter the son of Peter de Brus. Taken over before 1275, as in that year the jurors of the Wapentake said that the brewers and bakers of Guisborough used to give alms of ale and bread to the lepers of Lowcross at their pleasure, but that the Prior of Guisborough now compelled them to pay ½d per week when they brewed or baked and these alms he farmed out for one mark or 20s. Priory almoner, “custos” or rector disappears from view. Last mentioned in 1339, but there is no reason to suppose that it was suppressed before the Dissolution though it seems to have been absorbed in the Priory.
NOTE. Ord History of Cleveland, p 238, mentions the Cistercian nunnery established first at Hoton and later moved to Nunthorpe and finally to Basedale; he states that “Numerous vestiges of the old nunnery have been ploughed up near the spot where it formerly stood...” Could these have been from the Leper Hospital? Some attention should be paid to the correspondence in the local “Gazette” re the site of the Hospital. Written by Mr Cornier sometime in the last ten years. Was this in connection with a footpath? I don’t know. Unwise to ignore it without some reference to is sources. I should be pleased to have information about any finds during the 1965 summer excavations. I am doubtful about the tradition of food being left at Ruther Cross on Hutton Lane. There was a road there pre-1867.

Hutton Camp - plan and surounding area

Hutton Camp - From April 1982 issue of ‘Priority’ (No. 969) – the S Nicholas Parish monthly magazine – Pine Hills Camp for Refugees (now a housing estate) – article by Grace Dixon: “On 6 March 1982 a memorial was unveiled in a London Square to refugees from Eastern Europe, who as the result of the Yalta Agreement were forcibly repatriated to Russian-held territory, and most of whom subsequently perished. This reminds us that for a time towards the end of World War II part of the old Army Camp off Hutton Avenue (later the first section of site of Pine Hills estate) was occupied by displaced persons. It is assumed they originated in the Baltic states, and were captured either as military prisoners or forced civilian labourers in the German advance into Russia. Having been sent further west by the Germans, they eventually fell into Allied hands. At the Hutton Avenue camp some were employed in farm work, while others were known to have cleared snow from the roads. Many of us remember their mournful singing as they tramped in columns between Guisborough and Hutton. Their eventual fate is unknown, but it seems very probable that they were among the ‘victims of Yalta.” GD.

The Old Hall

Hutton Hall

Built by Sir Joseph Whitwell Pease 1866/67. JWP was MP for N Durham. Hall built on site (or near) former manor house which was sold by Edward VI in 1550 to Sir Thomas Chaloner. Old hall destroyed. School built 1857. Home Farm—“Hoton Howse”, bought by Chaloner (with Hall) in 1550. Hall: “offices, gardens, hot-houses, hospital for … sanatory treatment of retainers of owner …”

Hutton houses
‘A new and complete History of the City of York’, Thomas Allen, London 1821, 3 vols.

Guisborough 435 houses. Hutton 50 houses. Tocketts and Plantation 46.

Hutton – Sale of 4 acres of land – news item in ‘The York Herald & General Advertiser’ 1853. York Reference Library.

Hutton Manor
Atkinson’s ‘History of Cleveland’ Vol II, p50.

3 Manors – Hoton/Ghigesburg/Middletone – Westgate) part of fee of Earl of Morton. Hutton lands not specified, but coincident with present (1870?) township. Hutton descended through Lucia de Brus to the Thwengs. Atkinson critical of Ord re vestiges of old nunnery.

Hutton Station
From ‘A Month in Yorkshire’, Walter White, 1858.

A cottager told Mr White that it was “Mr Pease’s station, built for himself and not for everybody.”
What form, if any, of discrimination between passengers?

Hutton Village

The village of Hutton Lowcross is a focal point in the Forest walk and its picturesque situation gave rise to the title of “Alpine Village” many years ago. Today the scene is somewhat blurred by new dwellings, but even so the row of small cottages and the mission room with its diminutive spire stll presents a pleasing picture. But there is more behind it than a romantic title. As a place of settlement its history goes back nearly one thousand years. The “Hoton” of Domesday Book means a spur of hill and “Loucros” signifies the existence of an adjacent settlement. Nearby there was the Hospital of S. Leonard and it is recorded that the lepers there were given ale and bread by the brewers and bakers of Guisborough. Much later there was a manor house sold by Edward VI to Sir Thomas Chaloner who also purchased “Hoton Howse”, the latter said to be on the site of the present Home Farm, where carved stonework is incorporated in the outbuildings.
The industrial archaeologist will find the Forest walk reveals plenty of evidence of industrial activity and a glance at the O.S. map shows the site of the Codhill Mine. This was exploited by the Pease family during the years 1855-1865, with mineral wagons clattering along the village street. An advertisement in the “York Herald” dated 16 December 1853 stated that four acres of land were for sale by private contract. Addressed to “Capitalists and Builders” it gave the number of labourers employed as 300 and predicted that another 600 would “be immediately required”, the land being well situated and adapted for cottage erections. After a decade peace descended on the village once more and the building of Hutton Hall in 1866-7 and the landscaping of the grounds coincided with new cottages in the village for workers on the estate.
Evidence for the mining of jet is found in the local place-name “Jet Bank”. Fortunately the industrial spoil heaps have been carefully utilised in the process of afforestation, the contours and colours lending variety to the scene. One outstanding feature of the Forest walk provides attractive prospects to the artist and photographer – this is the number of “surprise views” particularly in regard to Highcliff. for those interested in pre-history there are the fossil beds and in the field below Kemplah there is the medieval cattle way – Ruthergate – with the shaft of Ruther Cross on the verge of the Council Housing Estate. It was on the site of this ancient track that Roman coins were found.
For those who wish to delve into the past the following publications will provide further information: The Romans in Cleveland, by F. Elgee; the works of the three Cleveland historians: Graves (1808), Ord (a native of Guisborough, 1846) and Atkinson (1874); Victoria County History, NR of Yorks, Vol II.
Finally, the approach to the village offers the unusual feature of an avenue of trees outside the estate and what was virtually a private railway station now converted into a dwelling house.
(Print as written. No editing)
Collected by Mr Adams, Thurs 4 March 1871.
Not used and not returned.
promised me 2 cypress bushes – forgotten! (Aug 1971)