Friday, 5 February 2010


Doctors, Apothecaries and Surgeons from Parish Registers
1711 Joseph Anderson
1713 Thomas Dubiggin (Dowbiggin) Chir. and Apo. (Surgeon)
1717 17 March, by License, Marriage of James Marten of Guisborough, sojourner and MD and Elizabeth Walters of Yarum. By John Hall.
1718 Thomas Gofton, apothecary. Grammar Sch. Cal. (ZJB 3/2/1718-1)
Thomas Milner, Chiru. and Apothecary (1726 a daughter baptised)
1765 Thomas Proddy, Surg. and Apoth. (see Ralph Ward’s Diary 1754-6)
1770 Robert Harrison, Apothecary, buried Kirkleatham 6 Mar.
Charles Bissett MD (Ord’s “History of Cleveland” p230.
A tablet in Leake Church. Note also memorial window (Consett) N side of chancel – seal of Archdeaconry of Cleveland 1733. A vesica with Guisborough Priory in centre. “Resided in Guisborough many years.” Military surgeon. Died 1791 at Thirsk.
1817 A gravestone (now missing) in Guisborough churchyard: In Memory William Wilson Surgeon &c, who followed his Profession in Guisborough with the greatest Respectability … half a century and died February 11th 1817 in his …Year. Also Elizabeth his Second Wife died Oct. 25th 1839. Aged 65 years. (In Grave’ 1808 “History” – list of subscribers includes Mr W Wilson Junior, surgeon.)
1841 (Census) Henry Wilson, Surgeon, 40. John 15, Emma 9, Henry 7.
Under the same roof: Hannah Sanders 40, Mary Wilson 25, Edward Downs 14. Check 1851 Census.
1850 Henry William Wilson. Will 13.10.1847. Proved 5.3.1850. Bequeathed his pews in church. See deeds at Guisborough provident Industrial Society Ltd, 73 Westgate.
1808 Mr JA Fletcher, surgeon, Guisborough.
1863 Thomas Bird, surgeon, died 14 July 1863, aged 61. Clev. Cty. Archives, Guis. c/yard. Mon.(?) Bird’s Yard: check on rate books.
1881 (Census) Henry Messenger, 30, Physician and Surgeon, 14 Chaloner St.
1952 William Waters Stainthorpe. Born 3 Aug. 1878. Died 7 Dec. 1952.
Lived in Sunnyfield House. WWS gave memorial window in Parish Church in memory of his wife. WWS saw a companion window alongside dedicated to his life’s work. He was present in a wheel-chair. Burial Service form in this collection. His uncle Dr W Stainthorpe of Wareham, Dorset, appointed MOH for combined districts of Guisborough, Skelton and Brotton and Loftus Local Boards of Health @ £370 per annum (Whitby Gazette 24 June 1882. 37 applicants) (Saw old copies of Whitby Gazette courtesy of Mr Horne many years ago.) From “Who’s Who in Yorkshire, N & E Ridings” 1935, p225: “Stainthorpe, William Waters, JP, MD, BS Medical Practitioner, Sunnyfield House, Guisborough. Born 1878 Sunderland, son of the late John Henry Stainthorpe. Educated Guisborough (GGS) and Durham University. Married 1902 Eugenie Anna Clothilde, daughter of the late Thomas Thatcher Wieland. Past President, BMA, Cleveland Branch. House Surgeon Southern Hospital, Liverpool. Medical Officer Post Office and Poor Law Hospital. Radiologist, Admiral Chaloner Hospital, Guisborough. Governor of Guisborough Grammar School.”
Include Trenholme gravestone built into bridge on Hutton Lane by Stump Cross.
Dr Merryweather. Dr Shand. Dr Bland

Dr Michael Mackereth, Surgeon, Guisborough.
Buried in Guisborough Churchyard, so details of burial will be in the Guisborough Parish Registers.
Died 1836, age 46, Buried 2 July. There was cholera?
According to Fairfax Blakeborough, Micael Mackereth was “hard riding and hunting”. Also a fisherman. In Tweddell’s “Peoples’ History of Cleveland” (1873) “…The Rev Henry Clarke and Michael Mackereth Esq, Surgeon of Guisborough, caught these smolts … corroborated by Mr weatherill, a solicitor of the town, Mr Joseph Biggins, Gamekeeper of the late Robert Chaloner Esq…four or five pairs of salmon trout, caught early in October, were put in the dam head by Mr Matthew S Milton, Mr John Walker Ord, and Mr Joseph Biggins. Also Dr Know, FRSE. (Note: Dr Knox of Edinburgh, the notorious anatomist, came to Guisborough to try to persuade John Walker Ord (the author of “History of Cleveland”) to resume his study of medicine.) Ord appears to have neglected his studies and “was plucked on presenting himself for examination”.
His alleged libellous statements referring to the University officials contributed to his rejection. Matthew Milton referred to above suffered the same fate. In 1836 Ord and Milton launched a threepenny weekly in London: “The Metropolitan Journal of Literature, the Fine Arts, &c”. The motto “Eyes to the Blind, Ears for the Deaf, Limbs for the Maimed” a claim which, in Tweddell’s words “appeared for sixteen Saturdays and then left the blind, the deaf and the maimed to shift for themselves”.
Dr M Mackereth and Mr J Rigg were two promoters of the Cleveland Agricultural Society.
Query:Was the dam head mentioned above about “two miles from Saltburn? Was Matthew Milton a native of Cleveland? Mr Mackereth is mentioned on page 135 of the recently published book “Guisborough Before 1900” – a generous prescription for a local pauper!

18 Nov 1983 – saw his marriage, Mbro Archive Office – Microfilm Guisbro Regs: Michael Mackereth, surgeon, to Margaret Hurchinson. 21 July 1819. By Licence. By TP Williamson. Robt Wharton Parish Clerk.
In 1841 Census:
Margaret Mackereth, 40, and Elizabeth (15), living with Elisabeth Hutchinson, 70, and Mary Hutchinson, 50. (April 1984)

Admiral Chaloner Hospital
ZFM Chaloner Papers 303/304/305. Norhallerton Co. Record Office.

List of patients 1914-1924. Names, injuries, etc.

“Hospital closes its doors
THE one-hundred-year-old Admiral Chaloner Hospital at Guisborough will close on Saturday.
Services will be transferred to Guisborough General Hospital as part of a £250,000 upgrading.
Sector administrator Mr Tony Averillo said it was part of “reprovision” for the Langbaurgh area. Staff will transfer to the new building and in-patients will be located on the second floor in a ward to be named Admiral Chaloner Ward.
Maternity services are also being transferred to the same building.
Mr Averillo said the new place is totally re-equipped and it would help the staff to improve services.
The GP casualty service will be run from the ground floor next to the main entrance, while the out-patient clinics will also be held at the new hospital.
Admiral Chaloner Hospital on Whitby Road, was built in 1873 as a refuge for men injured in Cleveland ironstone mines. The men made a contribution towards its maintenance and collections were held in Guisborough and surrounding villages.
In 1901 the dining room, toilets and bathroom were installed at a cost of £1000 and later an X-ray room and operating theatre were added. It was taken over by the National Health Service in 1948.” Evening Gazette 20.3.1982

Became “Studio Print” works.
Converted into dwellings 2004.

Medical Officer’s Reports

1958 By Dr DHS Griffith (p 1): Pub. October 1959.
“During the year I have had the opportunity to report to you on the conditions of some of the property in the district. It is unfortunate that many of the houses which give the town its air of charm are in fact no more than slums. There is nothing which can be said for living in damp, badly lit houses, some of which provide neither water nor proper sanitary conveniences” ..... “It is welcome to note that in regard to slum clearance progress is being made. A regular programme is being pursued .....”

1962 By Dr TMB Rohan (p 13): Pub. November 1963.
“Closet accommodation ..... The whole of Guisborough is now on the water carriage system.”
Population for District 12,520. For Guisborough:
Area of District 18,948 acres.
No. of inhabited houses according to rate books 3,8822.
Rateable Value £294,163.
Sum represented by a penny rate £1,190.
No. of births registered 303.
No. of Council houses: North side estate ?
Hutton Lane Estate ?

Paratyphoid Epidemic 1936
Reported in national ‘Daily Express’ Sept 28

Started in July. 40 cases in Cleveland. 21 from Guisborough, last of these on way to recovery. No deaths. Summer tourists in the town. Fear of losing trade – ‘Guisborough would have been rubbed off the holiday map’ – ‘Guisborough kept its head and said nothing.’
Water heavily chlorinated, so well water used. Medical experts said no contamination. Visitors had tea made from spring water.
Dr CR Gibson MO to five districts. Ice-cream tests negative. No knowledge of origin. ‘Dr Gibson the hero of the hour'.

Plague and population. John Walker Ord’s story (p354 Ord’s “History of Cleveland”). In 1662 there were 330 households in Guisborough. (Hearth Tax Returns 1662). In 1743 in Archbishop Herring’s Visitation Return a similar figure, ‘above 300 families’.
According to Ord the weekly market was transferred from Guisborough to Marske in 1667 ‘…the plague having nearly depopulated the town of Guisborough…’ It is known that Marske has suffered in 1665 when stringent measures were enforced to keep George Mason and his family in quarantine for forty days. (NR Yorks Qtr Sessions Records Vol VI). Under the direction of he constable six men maintained a day and night watch at Mason’s home because he had ‘…lately come from the city of London’.
Ord does not appear to have checked the Guisborough parish registers. Burial entries in the 1660s are as follows:
           1661   42          1666    50
1662 39 1667 53
1663 27 1668 60
1664 29 1669 26
1665 31 1670 31
The years 1666-1668 show a marked increase but not sufficiently high to believe the town ‘nearly depopulated’. During these ten years there is no reference to a mass burial, such as was recorded in the register of S. Mary’s Church, Beverley: ‘ Note June 1610 here began ye Plague. July 1610 there was buried of ye Plague this month of July 32, besides 40 that was shuffled into graves without any reading over them at all. Nov 1611 here ended the Plague.’
There is a note in the register of Egglescliffe parish church in 1664: ‘In this year there died of he Plague in this towne one hundred and twenty people. They are not all buried in the churchyard and are not in the register.’
On p228 of Ord’s ‘History of Cleveland’ there is a reference to a mass burial: ‘During the rebellion of 1745 all the troops posted inn the North of England were drafted into Scotland to resist the Highlanders who fought under Charles Stuart. In lieu of these troops, government commissioned a regiment of Dutch soldiers, who were quartered on the respectable inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood, sometimes tree or four in each house and in the public-houses ten or twelve. Great numbers of the poor fellows died of what was called the ‘Dutch fever’, and were buried in the lower part of the churchyard. The ground was only opened a few years ago, the sexton being afraid of the infection…’ There is no record in the registers of the burial of these soldiers. But there is proof in the registers of an increase in the burial of Guisborians.
          1745   30
1746 70
1747 39
These unusual deaths in 1746 could have occurred after the soldiers had been billeted in the town. The report* in the ‘Darlington and Stockton Times’ on 10 April 1982 suggests a mass burial, but more evidence is required.
* “Priory Plague Victims?
A laboratory report on bones found near the ancient Priory near Guisborough suggests that the site may have been the burial pit for victims of the plague.
Human and animal bones were uncovered by the Curator several months ago and confirmation pointed towards it being a communal grave. However, radio-carbon dating was not done on the bones because of expense and the scientists in London could only make an educated guess at them being medieval and why they were there.
Press Officer for the Ancient Monuments Department at Newcastle, Mr Jonathan Lawson, said: “It would appear that the bones came from four people, all male. There was a boy aged between 15 and 20, two men aged between 40 and 50, and one aged between 25 and 35. There were also some animal bones there.
Guisborough CID has been informed that Mr Lawson doubted whether there will be a need to look into the matter any further. It is likely that the bones will be returned and either reburied or kept in a local museum. A CID spokesman said: “A report has been returned by the Department of the Environment and analysis shows that they are most likely medieval bones”.

Footnote: The burial registers for 1717-18, 1737, 1741 and 1769 contain evidence of an increase in the death rate.
At the time of the Black Death (1347-49) Guisborough churchyard was enlarged. At Ayton, Brotton and Wilton new burial grounds were made.
In 1598 Guisborough suffered from the plague. There is a reference in the West Riding Quarter Sessions Rolls which states: ‘For the relieffe of the poor distressed people of Richmond and Guisborough visited with the plague yt is ordered by this Court that the some of xxxiiili vis viid shall be allowed them out of the Westridinge … for the better aide and Maynteynaunce of the said poor infected people’. (‘Lost Villages’ – Prof. M Beresford.)
CHOLERA epidemic 1835-36.
Thomas Pym Williamson, 62, Perpetual Curate of S. Nicholas, buried 28 May 1836.
His son, Wm Leigh Williamson, 24, buried on 7 May 1836.
Margaret Williamson, 78, buried 20 Dec 1836.
Also Michael Mackereth, Surgeon, age 46, buried 2 July 1836.
Nos. in Burial reg. – WLW 1019, TPW 1020, MM 1023.
Noted at Cleveland Archive Office Aug 1983 that pp114 and 115 were missing from microfilm of Burial reg.
Page 113 ends at no. 904 (1833): Page 116 commences no. 921 (9 Jan 1834)
          1830   43      1833    ?      1836   42
1831 57 1834 41 1837 46
1832 33 1835 51 1838 39
Planning Nursing Home
D&S Times 17/12/88

An enforcement notice in respect of the controversial extension to Graceland Nursing Home at Belmangate, Guisborough, is to be withdrawn.
After heated exchanges at Langbaurgh planning committee meeting on Wednesday it was agreed to await counsel’s opinion on how best to proceed with action to have part of the extension removed. The extension for 14 extra bed spaces at the nursing home for people with mental illness was considered to be going up much closer to the boundary hedge than outlined in the plans. Original objections came from residents of Whaddon Chase, who claimed it should have come within 30ft of the hedge but was in fact being built half that distance away. After a site visit four months ago the committee agreed with the neighbours but the applicants disagreed saying it was being built in accordance with planning permission. The committee decided to seek counsel’s opinion and issue an enforcement notice requiring the removal of part of the extension to bring the end wall 30ft from the hedge. However, at Wednesday’s meeting some members claimed their recommendation had been altered to include the entire extension. The chairman, Coun Allan Gwenlan, said that he had hoped that discussion would be deferred until they received counsel’s opinion. He said the wording of the notice had to be changed to include the whole extension as the council was alleging that it was in breach of development control. He said adjustments could be made to the order and eventually it would be up to the inquiry inspector. He said enforcement action like this could take up to a year before there was a decision. Coun Arthur Taylor said it didn’t alter the fact that the wording of the original minute had been changed. Members agreed to advise the Department of the Environment that they were withdrawing the notice and to consider future action after hearing from counsel.

Evening Gazette 8/2/89:
The owners of a nursing home have vowed to continue their fight against a demolition order. Langbaurgh Council has ordered that an extension built onto Graceland Nursing Home should be demolished because it breaches planning rules. But the owners claim the council is ignoring the needs of residents and staff. Now they are to take their case to the Department of the Environment in a bid to get the council’s enforcement notice overturned. A partner in the business, Barry Parvin said: “No one on the council has taken into account the care needs of the clientele and their carers. The development of this much needed specialist provision is an enhancement of the area which was once the site of a derelict hospital. Planning permission was granted so long as it was built nine metres from the site boundary. But after finding that the new building was just under five metres from the boundary the council slapped on an enforcement notice.”

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