Monday, 17 August 2009


Salvation Army

General Booth visits Guisborough during his Motor Car Campaign of 1904.
Note the old frontage of the Mermaid Inn, with Mr Johnson standing at the door of his grocer's shop to the right of the inn. Next door is Mr Bewick's drapery shop.

The General is seen acknowledging his reception as he passes down Bow Street.
Salvation Army
Lillie’s History of Middlesbrough, p 402.

‘War Cry’ 19 Jan 1935 – Opening of New Hall in Westgate. 55th year. 1973 – Appeal for extensions.
1880 Corps established in Guisborough. 1881 at Middlesbrough. General Booth ... “much opposition and a rabble of 300 attacked with rotten eggs ... several free fights broke out.”
Salvation Army: Guis. 1879. Capt Arthur Malthouse founded. 1881 Gen. Booth visited Guis. Also B/master Tye founder of SA Band. Services still held in tent? Even after 2 years?
(per Valerie Ditchburn)

Wesleyan - A Charity 1867

John SMALL bequeathed a legacy represented by £624/18/- Consols. Annual income £15/12/4d for Poor Members of Wesleyan Methodist Church n Guisborough. His tombstone in the churchyard. Something towards upkeep of table-tomb now vandalised. And the Charity Ask about his.

Wesleyan Chapel, Westgate, guisborough, erected 1811, demolished 1963.
One writer described the chapel as ‘an imposing edifice of red brick with freestone facings’. This somewhat flattering statement was probably inspired by the view of the frontage from Westgate. The western side as shown on this (Evening Gazette) photograph is plainly utilitarian. The narrow approach from Westgate is the obvious reason for the facade.

Wesleyan Missionary Bazaar, 20 Sep. 1837

Sermons 1929
The General goes to hear John Wesley
In 1788 Ralph Jackson of Normanby “called on Mr Chaloner where Genl Hale invited me to go with him to hear Rev John Wesley preach extempore for half an hour, which he did in a yard near Mr Harrison’s house ... an excellent and affecting Discourse on ... ‘His commandments are not grievous’”.

John Wesley visited Guisborough nine times. The first occasion presented a pastoral scene: he preached to “a lovely congregation in a meadow near the town”. That was in 1759. In 1761 he had to contend with some opposition in the market place: “There was so vehement a stench of stinking fish, as was ready to suffocate me, and the people roared like the waves of the sea”. Cottage meetings were held until 1777 when a small chapel was built on the north side of Westgate which gave the site the name of Old Chapel Yard. Today there is only Wesley Villa and the yard has gone, cut through by the new road from the top of Gill Street to Northgate (1970-71). In 1811 a new chapel was built to the east of the yard and this chapel was demolished in 1963 when the UDC purchased the site.
On his final visit in 1788 he left his umbrella which has now found a place in the Wesleyan archives in London.

The “Ebenezer” Chapel of the Congregational Church, built in 1811, unpretentious as befitting a small country market town. Note how the two rainwater downcomers give an unintentional pattern to the frontage.
Then compare with the embellishments added in 1903.

The organ was installed in 1906.

Memorial window to Joseph Wright, Bow Street tailor. (Mrs Wright was owner of 41 Redcar Road which the Mercers rented.)

John Baskerville (cf Baskerville typeface) engraved tombstones. Lettering (crude) of village masons, but some fine l/c letters with fine serifs.
See Oxf. Companion to Eng. Lit. p69.

Greear Garth Quakers
formerly Scarth's Yard
In Grace Dixon's handwriting:
20 Feb. 16yr of Chas II = 1676

Deed of Gift from J Hudson (Skinner) to J Walker of the messuage in W’gate.

1687 Agreement between Tobias Hooper and John Walker for renting a chamber garrett in a house in W’gate.
1687 Agreement. Room to be kept for Quaker community, and not for use of heirs of Tobias Hooper etc, for their own use, (or sale ?)
26/3/1689 Deed of gift of messuage in W’gate from C Postgate to J Walker. NB. This was a confirmation of Hudson to Walker. (Walker paid £4 rent)
1689 J Walker (Skinner) to Michael Gill of Scaling. Lease and Release. Except one room or garrett for the Quakers.
3/3/1712 R Gill to Sara Postgate. Lease and Release. SP paid (£)89-12 + £9-12 in arrears of rent due in John Walker’s time + £3-12 for interest. Messuage, house or tenement – west end of W’gate, “excepting one roome or garrett in the said house now used by the People called Quakers for a meeting house or Place of Assembly.”
(There is reference here to a contract between M Gill deceased and John Walker.)
A bond to perform covenants in the deed.
28-29/11/1721 S Postgate to Rd Walker. Lease and Release.
RW paid £130. “Excepting one room or garrett in the said house now used at the east and thereof by the People called Quakers for a Meeting Room or place of Assembly”. Formerly belonged to JW and sold by him to MG, and since by RG his son and heirs conveyed to the said SP, together will all and singular houses, outhouses, workhouses, brewhouses, barns and stables, orchards, yards, garths.
1764 R Walker (Yeoman) and his wife to R Jackson. (AP 27. No 33, 1764)
Lease and Release. RJ paid £120. Brewhouses were included. RJ ensured a right of way out to the main street.
1765 Agreement between RJ and RW and Mary his wife. RJ paid RW £60. RJ was plaintiff. This is described as a fine. (Writing very difficult)
“messuage and cottage and bar, 2 stables, one garden and orchards, 2 acres of land.” Rights of turbary mentioned! 2 copies of this.
1768 Book AS p.565 No. 850. Exchange of tenements between Jackson and Jowsey, etc. NB. Great detail in this document.
1802 CX p.128 No. 160. WW Jackson to J Pearson. £600 paid.
13/5/1815 EA 47/51. Joswey to Pearson. Pearson pd £45. Messuage lately occupied by Quakers.
J Peirson died 1855.
Peirson’s Trustees sold to Isaac Scarth. IF p.440 No. 612 or 7. £260.1858 Scarth to Ancient Order of Foresters. £300. IM p.369 No. 580. See this for which side Chaloner land was then.
Westgate topside, entrance to Scarth's Yard

Friends' Meeting House

Kildale Church
Registers from 1719. Previously included with Ingleby Greenhow. Maurice Lisle, Rector, 1708.
1723 John Nicholson. 1735 Wm Hide. 1769 William Leigh Williamson.

I remember walking over the moor to Kildale in the 1960s to see the Parson about his registers and the period when Mr William Leigh Williamson was also the Rector of Kildale. I met the incumbent (Mr Love)in the village street and introduced myself. He took me into the Parsonage with some difficulty because is arms were full of tins. ‘Bachelor’, I thought. I was right and I was wrong. A bachelor, yes! Also a lover of cats. Hence the tins. Momentarily forgetting what he had invited me into his house for, he flung open the door under the stairs and exclaimed, ‘Look at these!’ I saw a litter of kittens. After that we got down to the records. W.B.

Loftus Church Papers
Church Wardens’ A/cs – Fox’s heads 2/6 and 1/6. 4 soilemarts 1/-. (At G’bro only one entry re catching moles: Geo Page 2d).
Loftus have a wooden cutter for making bread cubes for sacramental use.

Mr Simpson, Rector of Loftus, showed me these in the 1960s.

"Newton Chappel"

27 families. 1 dissenting family – Presbyterian. “I do not reside personally ..... have no Parsonage House. I reside at Guisbrough where I teach ye Grammar School. My Curacy being only about £13 a year. The late Archbishop was pleas’d to dispense with my non-residence. About 50 communicants. (Curate) William Husband.”
Abp Herring’s Visitation Returns 1743.

"Northern Catholics. The Catholic Recusants of the North Riding
of Yorkshire.
1558-1790”. Hugh Aveling, OSB. Chapman. 1966.
+ some comments by WB.

p21 - 1569 (year of rising) “monuments found at Guisborough”.
p23 - 1575 “a Guisborough man was found using a Latin primer in parish church”.
p30 - Michael Tirry a lay schoolmaster of Aysgarth “was for three years master of Bishop Pursglove’s newly-founded school at Guisborough. In June 1571 he was before the High Commission and confessed ‘that he did favour the religion…now set forth’ and willingly offered to swear to the Thirty-Nine Synodal Articles. He was dismissed with an admonition to take his scholars regularly to church…In 1573 he left Guisborough for York. In 1575 examined by the High Commission and found to be a stiff papist”.
p32 - Miles Lodge of Guisborough wanted by the High Comm. in 1593 And said to have fled way…Possibly same ML oif diocese of Yk who entered the English College inn Rome two months later. Died there.
pp37-40 - Robert Pursglove. (see GGS History for general outline on RP). Received a substantial pension and prior’s demesne manor of Ugthorpe (after dissolution). Remained an active ecclesiastical administrator in York throughout the turbulent years 1540-53. See note on his ordinations for Abp of York: 1547 and 1551-3. A limit to his adroit conformity? 1559 deprived. 1561 founded GGS. Why so belated a reparation in Guisborough? Do you think the 12 mile limit of Ugthorpe cut him off from Guisborough?
p48 - 1575 William Allen, curate of Guisborough was accused of having said that the Pope was head of the Church and not the Queen. No smoke without fire here?
p84 - Rebllion of 1569. Some Guis. rebels executed. (Barry has names of these.)
p95 - Tocketts family. Worth checking information on pp 95 and 96 against WB’s account. Also pp 102, 180, 211, 268, 313.
p160 - In 1592-3 Thomas Clarke, an apostate priest “has said mass at Egton, Mulgrave and at Mr Tockett’s house at Tocketts.

I think there are some figures on p 343 giving Quakers and Catholics but I’m uncertain about Guis. figures being there.

On p 270: a puzzle? “In 1632 Thomas Challoner gent and his wife were recusants at Guisborough.” Would this be Sir Thomas Chaloner’s cousin, also Thomas, who came from Ireland in the early part of the century to manage the alum workings?
See Turton’s “Alum Farm”. (in the Library)

Northern Rising 1569, 26 Jan.

“Cleveland Prisoners to be executed in Cleaveland tomorrowe. To be executed at or nyghe Gisburgh – Of Gisburgh James Hill, Hewghe Stoker.
(Also 2 at Ayton). – Booklet “S Joseph’s, Stokesley” 1972.

James ROGERS. Gravestone in Churchyard. “Preacher of the Gospel” 1809.

Also Rev. Joseph HUTTON, Wesleyan Minister “who rendered faithful service to the cause of Christ for more than half a century.”

Primitive Methodist Chapel 1907

There was an earlier chapel than the one shown here. It was built in 1860 in Chapel Street, a cul-de-sac off Chaloner Street. It is now used as the Guisborough Unionist and Conservative Club.

A society was formed in the 1820s but it languished, being revived in 1847. The chapel built in 1860 cost £425 (they were not as affluent as their Wesleyan “brethren”). But they cherished the ambition to get into Westgate and after 47 years they bought some cottages and erected the building shown here. Inside it was admirably suited to serve their purposes and is said to have been built around the choir! The cost was £4000 – they had caught up with the Wesleyans.

After the demolition of the Wesleyan Chapel on the other side of Westgate the PM Chapel became the Methodist Church.

Described by Professor Pevsner as “unforgivable”.

Class certificate of a member (Sarah Hoggartt) who attended for devotional study under a class leader, August 1867. Emily E Brelstaff’s grandmother.

Class certificate of a member (Sarah Mercer) who attended for devotional study under a class leader, February 1886. Sarah Hoggartt (1. above) married William Mercer.

Class certificate of a member (Annie Mercer) who attended for devotional study under a class leader, May 1910. Annie Mercer was aunt to Emily E Brelstaff (née Mercer).

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